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Bulbophyllum nocturnum

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In this page talks about ( Bulbophyllum nocturnum ) It was sent to us on 13/06/2021 and was presented on 13/06/2021 and the last update on this page on 13/06/2021

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{{Taxobox
image =
status = VU
status_system = IUCN3.1
status_ref =
regnum = Plantae
unranked_divisio = Angiosperms
unranked_classis = Monocots
ordo = Asparagales
familia = Orchidaceae
genus = Bulbophyllum
sectio = B. sect. Epicrianthes
species = B. nocturnum
binomial = Bulbophyllum nocturnum
binomial_authority = J. J. Verm. & al.
Bulbophyllum nocturnum is a species of epiphytic orchid that grows in New Britain. It was described in 2011, and is the first species of orchid known to consistently flower during the night, and close its flowers during the day.

Distribution

Bulbophyllum nocturnum grows as an epiphyte in the rainforests of New Britain at an altitude of . The type specimens were collected in the Agengseng logging area, around the Upper Argulo River in West New Britain Province. , IUCN assessed the species as Vulnerable, threatened by logging and crop cultivation.

Description and phenology

Bulbophyllum nocturnum has leaves up to long and wide. It produces flowering stalks only long, which bear an inflorescence comprising a single flower. The flowers are around long, with "yellowish green" sepals, with a red tint near the base; the lip is dark red, while the column is "yellow tinged red"; the petal appendages are greyish.
B. nocturnum is believed to be the only species of orchid to routinely flower during the night. Another species of orchid, Dendrobium amboinense, has been reported by some to open its flower at midnight and close them before noon, while other reports state that its flowers open at dawn. It remains uncertain how B. nocturnum pollinates, as the flower is open for such a short space of time. However, it is proposed that the flower may emulate a fungus, thus attracting small flies to act as pollinators.

Taxonomy

Bulbophyllum is the largest genus in the family Orchidaceae, and one of the largest genera of flowering plants. B. sect. Epicrianthes is a section of the genus comprising 38 species, 18 of which are endemic to New Guinea. The flowers in this section have been described as "bizarre", with the appendages of the petals often attached to long, delicate stalks, and the appendages resemble the fruiting bodies of slime moulds such as Arcyria and Stemonitis. B. nocturnum was described in 2011 by a team of scientists from the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Leiden University, in the Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. The specific epithet refers to the plant's night-flowering phenology.

See also

  • List of Bulbophyllum species

  • nocturnum
    Category:Epiphytic orchids
    Category:Plants described in 2011
    Category:Flora of the Bismarck Archipelago
    Category:Orchids of Papua New Guinea
    Category:Night-blooming plants
    Category:Endemic flora of Papua New Guinea
     
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