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Hersilia (spider)

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In this page talks about ( Hersilia (spider) ) It was sent to us on 14/06/2021 and was presented on 14/06/2021 and the last update on this page on 14/06/2021

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{{Automatic taxobox
fossil_range =
taxon=Hersilia
image=Hersilia.yaeyamaensis.female.-.takinawa.jpg
image_caption=A female H. yaeyamaensis from Okinawa
image2=Two Tailed Spider (Hersilia savignyi).JPG
image2_caption=H. savignyi in Ezhimala, Payyannur, Kerala, India, 2012-05-13
authority=Audouin, 1826
type_species=H. caudata
type_species_authority=Audouin, 1826
subdivision_ranks=Species
subdivision=78, see text
Hersilia, also known as long-spinnered bark spiders and two-tailed spiders, is a genus of tree trunk spiders that was first described by Jean Victoire Audouin in 1826. Their nicknames are a reference to their greatly enlarged spinnerets.
Males can grow up to long, and females can grow up to . They are found in Africa, Asia, and Australasia, on tree trunks, in gardens, or in jungle fringes.

Species

The revisions by Baehr & Baehr and Rheims & Brescovit revealed 26 species in southeast Asia.
it contains seventy-eight species:
  • H. albicomis Simon, 1887 – Ghana, Ivory Coast, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria
  • H. albinota Baehr & Baehr, 1993 – China
  • H. albomaculata Wang & Yin, 1985 – China
  • H. aldabrensis Foord & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 2006 – Seychelles (Aldabra), Comoros
  • H. alluaudi Berland, 1920 – Congo, Tanzania
  • H. arborea Lawrence, 1928 – Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa
  • H. asiatica Song & Zheng, 1982 – China, Thailand, Laos, Taiwan
  • H. australiensis Baehr & Baehr, 1987 – Australia (Northern Territory)
  • H. baforti Benoit, 1967 – Congo, Uganda
  • H. baliensis Baehr & Baehr, 1993 – Laos, Bali
  • H. bifurcata Baehr & Baehr, 1998 – Australia (Northern Territory)
  • H. bubi Foord & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 2006 – Equatorial Guinea, Uganda
  • H. carobi Foord & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 2006 – Ivory Coast
  • H. caudata Audouin, 1826 (type) – Cape Verde Is., West Africa to China
  • H. clarki Benoit, 1967 – Zimbabwe
  • H. clypealis Baehr & Baehr, 1993 – Thailand
  • H. deelemanae Baehr & Baehr, 1993 – Indonesia (Sumatra)
  • H. eloetsensis Foord & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 2006 – Madagascar
  • H. facialis Baehr & Baehr, 1993 – Indonesia (Sumatra)
  • H. feai Baehr & Baehr, 1993 – Myanmar
  • H. flagellifera Baehr & Baehr, 1993 – Laos, Indonesia (Sumatra)
  • H. furcata Foord & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 2006 – Congo
  • H. hildebrandti Karsch, 1878 – Tanzania
  • H. igiti Foord & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 2006 – Rwanda
  • H. impressifrons Baehr & Baehr, 1993 – Borneo
  • H. incompta Benoit, 1971 – Ivory Coast
  • H. insulana Strand, 1907 – Madagascar
  • H. jajat Rheims & Brescovit, 2004 – Borneo
  • H. kerekot Rheims & Brescovit, 2004 – Borneo
  • H. kinabaluensis Baehr & Baehr, 1993 – Borneo
  • H. lelabah Rheims & Brescovit, 2004 – Borneo
  • H. longbottomi Baehr & Baehr, 1998 – Australia (Western Australia)
  • H. longivulva Sen, Saha & Raychaudhuri, 2010 – India
  • H. madagascariensis (Wunderlich, 2004) – Madagascar, Comoros
  • H. madang Baehr & Baehr, 1993 – New Guinea
  • H. mainae Baehr & Baehr, 1995 – Australia (Western Australia)
  • H. martensi Baehr & Baehr, 1993 – Nepal, Thailand
  • H. mboszi Foord & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 2006 – Cameroon, Ivory Coast
  • H. mimbi Baehr & Baehr, 1993 – Australia (Western Australia)
  • H. mjoebergi Baehr & Baehr, 1993 – Indonesia (Sumatra)
  • H. moheliensis Foord & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 2006 – Comoros
  • H. montana Chen, 2007 – Taiwan
  • H. mowomogbe Foord & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 2006 – Cameroon, Congo
  • H. nentwigi Baehr & Baehr, 1993 – Indonesia (Java, Sumatra, Krakatau)
  • H. nepalensis Baehr & Baehr, 1993 – Nepal
  • H. novaeguineae Baehr & Baehr, 1993 – New Guinea
  • H. occidentalis Simon, 1907 – West, Central, East Africa
  • H. okinawaensis Tanikawa, 1999 – Japan
  • H. orvakalensis Javed, Foord & Tampal, 2010 – India
  • H. pectinata Thorell, 1895 – Myanmar, Indonesia (Borneo), Philippines
  • H. pungwensis Tucker, 1920 – Zimbabwe
  • H. sagitta Foord & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 2006 – Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania, South Africa
  • H. savignyi Lucas, 1836 – Sri Lanka, India to Philippines
  • H. scrupulosa Foord & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 2006 – Kenya
  • H. selempoi Foord & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 2006 – Kenya
  • H. sericea Pocock, 1898 – East, Southern Africa
  • H. serrata Dankittipakul & Singtripop, 2011 – Thailand
  • H. setifrons Lawrence, 1928 – Angola, Namibia, South Africa
  • H. sigillata Benoit, 1967 – Gabon, Ivory Coast, Congo, Uganda
  • H. simplicipalpis Baehr & Baehr, 1993 – Thailand
  • H. striata Wang & Yin, 1985 – India, China, Myanmar, Thailand, Taiwan, Indonesia (Java, Sumatra)
  • H. sumatrana (Thorell, 1890) – India, Malaysia, Indonesia (Sumatra, Borneo)
  • H. sundaica Baehr & Baehr, 1993 – Thailand, Indonesia (Lombok, Sumbawa)
  • H. taita Foord & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 2006 – Kenya
  • H. taiwanensis Chen, 2007 – Taiwan
  • H. talebii Mirshamsi, Zamani & Marusik, 2016 – Iran
  • H. tamatavensis Foord & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 2006 – Madagascar
  • H. tenuifurcata Baehr & Baehr, 1998 – Australia (Western Australia)
  • H. thailandica Dankittipakul & Singtripop, 2011 – Thailand
  • H. tibialis Baehr & Baehr, 1993 – India, Sri Lanka
  • H. vanmoli Benoit, 1971 – Ivory Coast, Togo
  • H. vicina Baehr & Baehr, 1993 – Thailand
  • H. vinsoni Lucas, 1869 – Madagascar
  • H. wellswebberae Baehr & Baehr, 1998 – Australia (Northern Territory)
  • H. wraniki Rheims, Brescovit & van Harten, 2004 – Yemen (mainland, Socotra)
  • H. xieae Yin, 2012 – China
  • H. yaeyamaensis Tanikawa, 1999 – Japan
  • H. yunnanensis Wang, Song & Qiu, 1993 – China

External links

  • Pictures of male and female Hersilia sp.

  • Category:Araneomorphae genera
    Category:Hersiliidae
    Category:Spiders of Africa
    Category:Spiders of Asia
    Category:Spiders of Oceania
    Category:Taxa named by Jean Victoire Audouin
     
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