Hakka himeshimensis is a species of the spider family Salticidae (jumping spiders). It is the only species in the genus Hakka. H. himeshimensis is native to East Asia, but has been introduced to the United States. It is most commonly found in rocky coastal habitats.Kaldari et al. 2011
Both sexes have a body length of about 7 mm. The body and legs are uniformly dark brown. The body is covered with sparse lighter hairs. Between the eyes there are longer, reddish hairs that stand up diagonally. The chelicerae are brown and robust.Berry & Proszynski 2001
Hakka himeshimensis occurs in China, North Korea, Japan, Hawaii, and the Eastern United States. It is not clear if there is a viable population in Hawaii, or if the found specimens represent incidental recent arrivals (although three specimens were collected over a period of 74 years). It is likely that the species was accidentally introduced to the Eastern United States by maritime shipping.
The genus name is derived from Hakka, a Chinese people with 70 million worldwide. Many members were brought to Hawaii as laborers on sugar cane plantations in the middle of the 19th century. This is probably a reference to the species' origin in Asia.
Berry, James W. and Jerzy PrÃ³szyÅ„ski (2001). "Description of Hakka, a new genus of jumping spiders (Araneae, Salticidae) from Hawaii and east Asia". Journal of Arachnology29(2): 201-204. Abstract - http://www.americanarachnology.org/JoA_free/JoA_v29_n2/arac_29_02_0201.pdf PDF
Kaldari, Ryan, G. B. Edwards, and Richard K. Walton (2011). "First records of Hakka (Araneae: Salticidae) in North America". Peckhamia (journal)Peckhamia (94.1): 1â€“6.
BÃ¶senberg, W. & Strand, E. (1906): Japanische Spinnen. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft 30:93-422.
Diagnostic drawings of H. himeshimensis
Category:Salticidae Category:Spiders of Asia Category:Spiders described in 1906