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Phoroncidia

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In this page talks about ( Phoroncidia ) It was sent to us on 23/05/2021 and was presented on 23/05/2021 and the last update on this page on 23/05/2021

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{{Automatic taxobox
taxon = Phoroncidia
image = Phoroncidia.ryukyuensis.male.-.tanikawa.jpg
image_caption = Phoroncidia ryukyuensis
authority = Westwood, 1835
type_species = P. aculeata
type_species_authority = Westwood, 1835
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = 79, see text
synonyms =
  • Sudabe Karsch, 1879
  • Trithena Simon, 1867
  • Ulesanis L. Koch, 1872
  • Wibrada Keyserling, 1886
synonyms_ref =
Phoroncidia is a genus of comb-footed spiders that was first described by J. O. Westwood in 1835.

Species

it contains seventy-nine species and one subspecies, found worldwide:
  • P. aciculata Thorell, 1877 – Indonesia (Sulawesi)
  • P. aculeata Westwood, 1835 (type) – India, China
  • P. alishanensis Chen, 1990 – Taiwan
  • P. altiventris Yoshida, 1985 – Japan
  • P. alveolata (Simon, 1903) – Equatorial Guinea
  • P. ambatolahy Kariko, 2014 – Madagascar
  • P. americana (Emerton, 1882) – USA, Canada, Cuba, Jamaica
  • P. argoides (Doleschall, 1857) – Indonesia (Ambon)
  • P. aurata O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1877 – Madagascar
  • P. bifrons (Simon, 1895) – Philippines
  • P. biocellata (Simon, 1893) – Brazil
  • P. bukolana Barrion & Litsinger, 1995 – Philippines
  • P. capensis (Simon, 1895) – South Africa
  • P. concave Yin & Xu, 2012 – China
  • P. coracina (Simon, 1899) – Indonesia (Sumatra)
  • P. cribrata (Simon, 1893) – Paraguay
  • P. crustula Zhu, 1998 – China
  • P. cygnea (Hickman, 1951) – Australia (Tasmania)
  • P. eburnea (Simon, 1895) – South Africa
  • P. ellenbergeri Berland, 1913 – Gabon
  • P. escalerai (Simon, 1903) – Equatorial Guinea
  • P. flavolimbata (Simon, 1893) – Ecuador
  • P. floripara Gao & Li, 2014 – China
  • P. fumosa (Nicolet, 1849) – Chile
  • P. gayi (Nicolet, 1849) – Chile
  • P. gira Levi, 1964 – Venezuela
  • P. hankiewiczi (KulczyÅ„ski, 1911) – Portugal, Spain, France
  • P. hexacantha Thorell, 1890 – Indonesia (Sumatra)
  • P. jacobsoni (Reimoser, 1925) – Indonesia (Sumatra)
  • P. kibonotensis (Tullgren, 1910) – East Africa
    • Phoroncidia k. concolor (Caporiacco, 1949) – Kenya
  • P. levii Chrysanthus, 1963 – New Guinea
  • P. longiceps (Keyserling, 1886) – Brazil
  • P. lygeana (Walckenaer, 1841) – Malaysia, Indonesia (Sumatra, Java, Borneo)
  • P. maindroni (Simon, 1905) – India
  • P. minuta (Spassky, 1932) – Georgia, Azerbaijan
  • P. moyobamba Levi, 1964 – Peru, Brazil
  • P. musiva (Simon, 1880) – New Caledonia
  • P. nasuta (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1873) – Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Japan
  • P. nicoleti (Roewer, 1942) – Chile
  • P. nicoleti Levi, 1964 – Chile
  • P. oahuensis (Simon, 1900) – Hawaii
  • P. paradoxa (Lucas, 1846) – Southern Europe, North Africa, Turkey
  • P. pennata (Nicolet, 1849) – Chile
  • P. personata (L. Koch, 1872) – Samoa, Fiji, Australia (Lord Howe Is.)
  • P. pilula (Karsch, 1879) – Georgia, Russia (Far East), China, Korea, Japan
  • P. pilula (Simon, 1895) – Tanzania (Zanzibar)
  • P. piratini Rodrigues & Marques, 2010 – Brazil
  • P. pukeiwa (Marples, 1955) – New Zealand
  • P. puketoru (Marples, 1955) – New Zealand
  • P. puyehue Levi, 1967 – Chile
  • P. quadrata (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1880) – New Zealand
  • P. ravot Levi, 1964 – Venezuela
  • P. reimoseri Levi, 1964 – Brazil
  • P. roseleviorum Kariko, 2014 – Madagascar
  • P. rotunda (Keyserling, 1890) – Australia (Queensland, Lord Howe Is.), Samoa
  • P. rubens Thorell, 1899 – Cameroon
  • P. rubroargentea Berland, 1913 – Madagascar
  • P. rubromaculata (Keyserling, 1886) – Brazil
  • P. ryukyuensis Yoshida, 1979 – Taiwan, Japan (Ryukyu Is.)
  • P. saboya Levi, 1964 – Colombia
  • P. scutellata (Taczanowski, 1879) – Peru
  • P. scutula (Nicolet, 1849) – Bolivia, Chile
  • P. septemaculeata O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1873 – India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia
  • P. sextuberculata (Keyserling, 1890) – Australia (Queensland)
  • P. sjostedti Tullgren, 1910 – Tanzania
  • P. spissa (Nicolet, 1849) – Chile
  • P. splendida Thorell, 1899 – West Africa
  • P. studo Levi, 1964 – Peru, Brazil
  • P. testudo (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1873) – India, Sri Lanka
  • P. thwaitesi O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1869 – Sri Lanka
  • P. tina Levi, 1964 – Brazil
  • P. tricuspidata (Blackwall, 1863) – Brazil
  • P. trituberculata (Hickman, 1951) – Australia (Tasmania)
  • P. triunfo Levi, 1964 – Mexico to Costa Rica
  • P. truncatula (Strand, 1909) – South Africa
  • P. umbrosa (Nicolet, 1849) – Chile
  • P. variabilis (Nicolet, 1849) – Chile
  • P. vatoharanana Kariko, 2014 – Madagascar
  • P. wrightae Kariko, 2014 – Madagascar
Formerly included:
  • P. flavomaculata (Keyserling, 1891) (Transferred to Dipoena)
  • P. sudabides (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) (Transferred to Chrosiothes)
Nomen dubium
  • P. quadrispinella Strand, 1907
  • See also

  • List of Theridiidae species

  • Further reading


    Category:Araneomorphae genera
    Category:Cosmopolitan spiders
    Category:Theridiidae
     
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