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HMS Charity (R29)

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In this page talks about ( HMS Charity (R29) ) It was sent to us on 16/06/2021 and was presented on 16/06/2021 and the last update on this page on 16/06/2021

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{{Infobox ship career
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Ship country=Pakistan
Ship flag=
Ship name=PNS Shah Jahan
Ship namesake=
Ship acquired=
Ship commissioned=16 December 1958
Ship recommissioned=
Ship decommissioned=
Ship maiden voyage=
Ship in service=
Ship out of service=
Ship renamed=
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Ship refit=
Ship struck=
Ship reinstated=
Ship homeport= Karachi
Ship identification=Pennant number: DD-962
Ship motto=
Ship nickname=
Ship honours=Indo-Pakistan War of 1971
Ship captured=
Ship fate=Damaged by SS-N-2 missile and scrapped
Ship status=
Ship notes=
Ship badge=
{{Infobox ship characteristics
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Header caption=
Ship class= destroyer
Ship displacement=1,710 tons (standard) 2,520 tons (full)
Ship tons burthen=
Ship length= o/a
Ship beam=
Ship height=
Ship draught=
  • light
  • full
Ship power=
Ship propulsion=
  • 2 Admiralty 3-drum boilers,
  • Parsons geared steam turbines,
  • , 2 shafts
Ship speed=
Ship range=615 tons oil, at
Ship endurance=
Ship complement=186
Ship crew=
Ship time to activate=
Ship sensors=
Ship EW=
Ship armament=
  • 4 × QF L/45 guns Mark IV on mounts CP Mk.V
  • 2 × Bofors 40 mm L/60 guns on twin mount "Hazemeyer" Mk.IV
  • 4 × anti-aircraft mountings;
  • Bofors 40 mm, single mount Mk.III
  • QF 2-pdr Mk VIII, single mount Mk.XVI
  • Oerlikon 20 mm, single mount P Mk.III
  • Oerlikon 20 mm, twin mount Mk.V
  • 1 × quadruple tubes for 21 inch (533 mm) torpedoes Mk.IX
  • 4 throwers and 2 racks for 96 depth charges
  • 2 × Squid anti-submarine mortars after 1954
Ship armour=
Ship aircraft=
Ship aircraft facilities=
Ship notes=
HMS Charity was a destroyer of the Royal Navy laid down by John I. Thornycroft and Company of Woolston, Southampton on 9 July 1943. She was launched on 30 November 1944 and commissioned on 19 November 1945. She was sold to the US Navy in 1958, for transfer to the Pakistan Navy as a part of the Military Aid Program.
Renamed Shah Jahan, the ship was badly damaged in a strike by Indian Navy missile boats during the Indo-Pakistan War of 1971, and scrapped as a result.

History in the Royal Navy

Commissioned too late for service in the Second World War, Charity s pennant number was soon changed to D29. She formed part of the 14th (later 1st) Destroyer Squadron for service in the Mediterranean. She saw service, along with other Royal Navy ships in preventing illegal immigration into Palestine in 1947.
Following the outbreak of hostilities Charity served during the Korean War, where she joined the 8th Destroyer Flotilla. She steamed during the war, and her actions included destroying a train. The destroyer received a slight modernization, which involved the removal of one of her rear gun turrets ('X' mounting) which was replaced by mountings for two Squid anti-submarine launchers, which replaced her depth charges. She paid off into reserve in 1955.

History in the Pakistan Navy


Charity was sold to the United States Navy on 16 June 1958, for further transfer to the Pakistan Navy. She was renamed USS Shah Jehan. She was modernized by J. Samuel White in Cowes, England under a US contract and transferred to the Pakistan Navy as part of the Military Assistance Program on 16 December 1958 where she served as Shah Jahan (literally, "Emperor of the World", after Shah Jahan).

Indo-Pakistan War of 1971


During the Indo-Pakistan War of 1971, Shah Jahan was escort to the cargo ship MV Venus Challenger carrying ammunition sent by the United States for the war effort from Saigon to Karachi.
On the night of 4 December 1971, the Indian Navy launched a fast naval strike called Operation Trident on the Pakistani Naval Headquarters of Karachi. The Operation Trident task force consisted of 3 s from the 25th "Killer" Missile Boat Squadron ( , , and ), escorted by two anti-submarine s, and ,http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/NAVY/History/1971War/44-Attacks-On-Karachi.html which approached Karachi.
The Indian missile boats evaded Pakistani reconnaissance aircraft and patrol vessels and converged at 2150 hours about south of Karachi, and detected the Pakistani naval vessels on patrol. At 2300 hours, Nipat fired 2 SS-N-2 Styx missiles at Shah Jahan and Venus Challenger. The ammunition aboard Venus Challenger exploded when the ship was hit by the missile, and the vessel quickly sunk. Shah Jahan was also struck by the missile and was irreparably damaged. She was towed back to Karachi and scrapped.
The Pakistani destroyer Khaibar and minesweeper were also sunk in the operation. The missile boats then hit the fuel storage tanks at Karachi harbour, setting them ablaze.

Publications


Category:C-class destroyers (1943) of the Royal Navy
Category:Ships built in Southampton
Category:1944 ships
Category:World War II destroyers of the United Kingdom
Category:Cold War destroyers of the United Kingdom
Category:Korean War destroyers of the United Kingdom
Category:C-class destroyers (1943) of the Pakistan Navy
Category:Maritime incidents in 1971
Category:Ships built by John I. Thornycroft & Company
 
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