The of Hankyu Railway is one of the three major commuter heavy rail lines in the Keihanshin conurbation of Japan. It links the urban centres of Osaka and Kobe by connecting the major stations of Umeda in Osaka and Sannomiya in Kobe. The Hanshin Electric Railway Main Line and West Japan Railway Company (JR West) Tokaido Main Line (this section nicknamed JR Kobe Line) are the two lines parallel to the Hankyu Kobe Line within a short distance of each other.
The line is commonly called for short, but in the broader sense 'Kobe Line' refers to the entire network of the trunk Kobe Main Line and connecting branch lines of Itami, Imazu and Kōyō Lines.
At the Kobe end of the line some trains continue through onto the Kobe Rapid Railway, an underground line allowing interchange between the lines of several commuter rail companies operating in Kobe. The Kobe Main Line has interchanges at several of its stations with other lines operated by Hankyu. The Hankyu main lines to Kyoto and Takarazuka share stations at Umeda and Juso with the Kobe Line. The other lines with connections to the Kobe line are smaller lines with only local trains: the Itami Line connects at Tsukaguchi, the Imazu Line at Nishinomiya-kitaguchi and the Koyo Line at Shukugawa.
The Umeda - Juso section was opened in 1910 as part of the Hankyu Takarazuka Line. The Juso - Oji-Koen section opened as a 1435mm gauge line electrified at 600 VDC in 1920. In 1926 the line was duplicated, and in 1936 it was extended to Kobe Sannomiya. In 1967 the voltage was increased to 1500 VDC. Until 1936, the line's terminal in Kobe was in Kamitsutsui. As a branch of the main line, the 1 km line between Oji-Koen Station and Kamitsutsui Station continued to provide a connection to the Kobe tram network until 1941.
Regular train services on the lines come in two kinds: the local trains (普通) which stop at all stations, and the limited express trains (特急) which stop only at major stations along the line. Other commuter and express services operate only during limited time periods:
Express trains (急行) are operated from Umeda to Kobe-sannomiya or Nishinomiya-Kitaguchi in the morning on weekdays and every midnight. There is also the only eastbound express train operated from Kobe-sannomiya to Umeda every early morning and the only westbound express train from Umeda to Shinkaichi in the midnight except weekdays.
Rapid Express trains (快速急行) are operated between Umeda and Kosoku Kobe or Shinkaichi every midnight. There is also the only eastbound rapid express train operated from Shinkaichi for Umeda every early morning.
Commuter Express trains (通勤急行, simply "Express") are operated on weekdays, from Kobe-sannomiya to Umeda in the morning, and from Umeda to Kobe-sannomiya in the evening and at night.
Commuter Limited Express trains (通勤特急, simply "Limited Express") are operated in both directions on weekday mornings.
Semi-Express trains (準急) are operated from Takarazuka to Umeda via the Imazu Line and the Kobe Line on weekday mornings.
20px Hanshin Railway Kobe Kosoku Line (to Sanyo Railway)
20px Kobe Railway (Shintetsu): Kobe Kosoku Line (KB01)
style="text-align: left; " Hyōgo-ku, Kobe - ! colspan="3" Through services: colspan="9" From Nishinomiya-Kitaguchi: Semi-Express trains to 20px Imazu Line for Takarazuka (Extra services) Express trains: 20px Imazu Line for Nigawa
1000 series EMU (from November 2013)
5000 series EMU
6000 series EMU
7000 series EMU
8000 series EMU
8200 series EMU (Rush hour only)
9000 series EMU
1000 series EMU (1954)
1010 series EMU
1200 series EMU
2000 series EMU
2200 series EMU
2300 series EMU (Temporary)
3000 series EMU
5100 series EMU
5200 series EMU
Hankyū Kyōto Main Line
Hankyū Takarazuka Main Line
K Category:Rail transport in Osaka Prefecture Category:Rail transport in Hyōgo Prefecture Category:Railway lines opened in 1936