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Vaduz

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In this page talks about ( Vaduz ) It was sent to us on 11/06/2021 and was presented on 11/06/2021 and the last update on this page on 11/06/2021

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Vaduz ( ; or ) is the capital of Liechtenstein and also the seat of the national parliament. The town, which is located along the Rhine River, has 5,696 residents.
Although Vaduz is the best-known town in the principality internationally, it is not the largest; neighbouring Schaan has a larger population.

History


Vaduz is mentioned in historic 12th-century manuscripts as Faduzes. In 1322 a mention of the castle is made, which was sacked by the Swiss in 1499 during the Swabian War. The entire town was also destroyed.
In the 17th century the Liechtenstein family was seeking a seat in the Imperial diet, the Reichstag. However, since they did not hold any territory that was directly under the Imperial throne, they were unable to meet the primary requirement to qualify.
The family yearned for the added power a seat in the Imperial government would bring, and therefore sought to acquire lands that would be reichsunmittelbar, or held without any feudal personage other than the Holy Roman Emperor himself having rights on the land. After some time, the family was able to arrange the purchase of the minuscule Herrschaft ("Lordship") of Schellenberg and countship of Vaduz (in 1699 and 1712 respectively) from the Hohenems. Tiny Schellenberg and Vaduz possessed exactly the political status required: no feudal lord other than the Emperor.
Thereby, on January 23, 1719, after purchase had been duly made, Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor, decreed Vaduz and Schellenberg were united, and raised to the dignity of Fürstentum (principality) with the name "Liechtenstein" in honour of "his true servant, Anton Florian of Liechtenstein". It is on this date that Liechtenstein became a sovereign member state of the Holy Roman Empire. As a testament to the pure political expediency of the purchases, the Princes of Liechtenstein did not set foot in their new principality for over 120 years.

Geography

Climate

Vaduz features an oceanic climate with mild summers and cool winters. Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as Marine West Coast Climate (Cfb).Weatherbase climate summary accessed 12 August 2013. The city experiences a noticeable increase in precipitation during the summer, but in general all twelve months see some precipitation. Vaduz receives, on average, approximately of precipitation per year.
Vaduz's warmest month, July, sees average high temperatures reach while average low temperatures are about . The city's coldest month, January, sees average highs of and average lows of .
{{Weather box
location = Vaduz (1981-2010)
metric first = Yes
single line = Yes
Jan high C = 4.3
Feb high C = 5.9
Mar high C = 11.1
Apr high C = 15.1
May high C = 19.8
Jun high C = 22.3
Jul high C = 24.5
Aug high C = 23.7
Sep high C = 19.7
Oct high C = 15.5
Nov high C = 8.9
Dec high C = 5.1
year high C = 14.7
Jan mean C = 0.7
Feb mean C = 2.0
Mar mean C = 6.2
Apr mean C = 9.9
May mean C = 14.4
Jun mean C = 17.0
Jul mean C = 19.0
Aug mean C = 18.4
Sep mean C = 14.8
Oct mean C = 10.9
Nov mean C = 5.1
Dec mean C = 1.8
year mean C = 10.0
Jan low C = -2.8
Feb low C = -1.8
Mar low C = 1.9
Apr low C = 4.8
May low C = 9.3
Jun low C = 12.1
Jul low C = 14.0
Aug low C = 13.9
Sep low C = 10.5
Oct low C = 6.7
Nov low C = 1.7
Dec low C = -1.4
year low C = 5.7
precipitation colour = green
Jan precipitation mm = 41
Feb precipitation mm = 38
Mar precipitation mm = 57
Apr precipitation mm = 55
May precipitation mm = 86
Jun precipitation mm = 115
Jul precipitation mm = 138
Aug precipitation mm = 142
Sep precipitation mm = 102
Oct precipitation mm = 63
Nov precipitation mm = 59
Dec precipitation mm = 52
year precipitation mm = 947
Jan snow cm = 14.2
Feb snow cm = 14.4
Mar snow cm = 6.4
Apr snow cm = 0.4
May snow cm = 0
Jun snow cm = 0
Jul snow cm = 0
Aug snow cm = 0
Sep snow cm = 0
Oct snow cm = 0
Nov snow cm = 4.7
Dec snow cm = 11.9
year snow cm = 52
unit precipitation days = 1.0 mm
Jan precipitation days = 7.3
Feb precipitation days = 6.9
Mar precipitation days = 9.4
Apr precipitation days = 9.6
May precipitation days = 11.9
Jun precipitation days = 12.8
Jul precipitation days = 13.2
Aug precipitation days = 13.2
Sep precipitation days = 9.8
Oct precipitation days = 8.3
Nov precipitation days = 9.0
Dec precipitation days = 8.4
year precipitation days = 119.8
unit snow days = 1.0 cm
Jan snow days = 3.9
Feb snow days = 3.9
Mar snow days = 2.1
Apr snow days = 0.2
May snow days = 0
Jun snow days = 0
Jul snow days = 0
Aug snow days = 0
Sep snow days = 0
Oct snow days = 0
Nov snow days = 1.4
Dec snow days = 3.3
year snow days = 14.8
Jan humidity = 75
Feb humidity = 72
Mar humidity = 67
Apr humidity = 65
May humidity = 67
Jun humidity = 71
Jul humidity = 72
Aug humidity = 75
Sep humidity = 77
Oct humidity = 76
Nov humidity = 78
Dec humidity = 77
year humidity = 73
Jan sun = 70
Feb sun = 91
Mar sun = 124
Apr sun = 144
May sun = 166
Jun sun = 170
Jul sun = 194
Aug sun = 177
Sep sun = 145
Oct sun = 116
Nov sun = 68
Dec sun = 52
year sun = 1516
source 1 = MeteoSwiss The weather station elevation is 457 meters above sea level.
date=August 2010

Landmarks

The most prominent landmark of Vaduz is Vaduz Castle, the home of the reigning prince of Liechtenstein and the Liechtenstein princely family. The castle is visible from almost any location in Vaduz, being perched atop a steep hill in the middle of the city. The Cathedral of St. Florin, Government House and City Hall are also well-known landmarks, displaying the various styles and periods of architecture that the city is known for.
 
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