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Order of British India

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rightthumb240px1st class Insignia of design awarded from 1939, with presentation case
The Order of British India was an order of merit established in 1837 by the East India Company for "long, faithful and honourable service". The company's powers were removed after the Indian Mutiny, and the Order was incorporated into the British Honours System in 1859. The order became obsolete in 1947, after the partition of British India into the Dominion of India and the Dominion of Pakistan.

The Order

The Order of British India was awarded by the Viceroy of India for long, faithful and honourable service by Viceroy's Commissioned (i.e. native Indian) Officers in the Indian Army. While the Order could be awarded for distinguished service on a particular campaign, it was more often awarded to selected serving officers of between 20 and 30 years service.

Establishment

When first ordered by Lord William Bentinck in April 1837, the Order was intended as a means of providing recognition for serving Indian officers in the East India Company's military forces. These so-called "Native Officers" faced slow promotion under a system that was based on advancement through seniority. The 1st Class of the Order conferred the title of sirdar bahadoor on the 100 subedars and risaldars (senior Indian officer ranks) to whom membership was limited, plus an increase in salary of two rupees a day. Appointments to the 2nd Class, limited to a further 100 Indian officers of any rank, entitled the recipient to the title of bahadoor and a more modest wage increase. In an article published in the Calcutta Review in 1856 Henry Lawrence however expressed the opinion that the Order had become "virtually the reward of old age" with its wearers mostly limited to retired pensioners.

Later history

In September 1939 eligibility was extended to include native officers serving in the Indian States Forces, Frontier Corps and Military Police, and further extended in January 1944 to include native officers and Indian Warrant Officers in the Royal Indian Navy and the Hong Kong and Singapore Royal Artillery, as well as foreign officers, who could be appointed honorary members of the Order.

Appearance

The Order was awarded in two classes, both worn from a neck ribbon:
First Class. The badge consisted of a gold star in diameter composed of rays of gold with in the centre the words ORDER OF BRITISH INDIA encircling a lion on a background of light blue enamel, surrounded by a laurel wreath, surmounted by a Crown. The enamel behind the wording was dark blue until 1939, when it was changed to the same light blue as appears behind the lion. Recipients of the first class were entitled to use the title Sardar Bahadur (heroic leader).
Second class. The badge comprised a slightly smaller gold star in diameter of similar design to the first class, but without the crown and with the centre enamel in dark blue enamel. Recipients of the second class were entitled to the title Bahadur (hero).
Holders of both classes could use the post-nominal letters OBI.
All initial awards to the Order were in the second class, with appointments to the first class made from existing members of the second class.
The ribbon was originally sky-blue, but changed to dark red in 1838 after it was found that the hair oil favoured by Indian soldiers stained the ribbon. From September 1939 the first class ribbon had two thin light blue strips added towards the centre of the dark red ribbon, while the second class had one light blue stripe added to the centre of the ribbon.
Pakistan awarded the Order to a small number of seconded British officers who rendered outstanding services at the time of independence.

Recipients

The following is an incomplete list of people appointed to the Order of British India:

First Class

  • Sardar Bahadur Major General Bakhshish Singh OBI 1st Class 14 June 1912 (Military Secretary Patiala).
  • Honorary Captain Muhammad Khan, OBI (1st Class), 10th Baluch Regiment.
thumbHonorary Captain Muhammad Khan in the picture wearing OBI first class medal
thumbPortrait of honorary Subedar Major Bahadur MULTANI RAM with his medals(first class) and insignia.
  • Subedar Major Bahadur MULTANI RAM,OBI(FIRST CLASS)1920,IDSM,FAIZABAD CANTONMENT (ROYAL ARMY),WW1 PARTICIPANT.
    • Sardar Bahadur Unjur Tiwari, 1st Bengal Native Infantry. Spied for British forces during the Indian Mutiny.Field Marshal Lord Roberts, Years in India 1897. Note, page 208.
    • Colonel Rao Bahadur Thakur Balu Singh ji Inderpura, OBI, IDSM (1st Class) thumbCol Rao Bahadur Balu Singh OBI IDSM
    • Nawab Mir Hashim Ali Khan, Col Hahsim Nawaz Jung, OBI SB, (1st Class 1897).
    • Sardar Bahadur Raja Jeoraj Singh, of Sandwa, CBE, OBI, Major-General in the Bikaner State Forces, Member, Executive Council, Bikaner State, Rajputana.
    • Sardar Bahadur Captain Raja Feroz Khan of Gorha Rajgan, O.B.I, Frontier Force Rifles.
    thumbHonorary Lieutenant Pehlwan Khan OBI First Class
    thumbHonorary Captain 'Sardar Bahadur' Rewat Singh Chandawat Gotan War. Highly decorated for World War 1
  • Khan Bahadur General Fateh Naseeb Khan OBI 1st Class 17 January 1929 (Alwar State Forces).
  • rightthumb255pxHonorary Captain Sardar Bahadur, Mihr Din, OBI (1st Class)
    • Honorary Captain Sardar Bahadur Bhola Singh Gulia, OBI (1st Class), Indian Survey Regiment of Badli, Haryana, India.33 Years record of unbroken service (1911–1944). Served in both world wars.
    • Subadar Major and Honorary Captain Sardar Bahadur Ghafur Khan OBI, IDSM late 4/15th Punjab Regiment.
    • Subedar Major and Honorary Lieutenant Sardar Bahadur Pehlwan Khan MBE, OBI, Bronze Star Medal.
    • Sardar Bahadur Tiku Singh Thapa, OBI,iarchive:in.ernet.dli.2015.169153 KPM, CM, 2nd in Command, Gurkha Military Police.

    Second class


    • Risaldar Nadir Ali Khan, Bamba Rajput, 9th Hodson's Horse.The award of the OBI to him was gazetted in August 1897, as he was one of a special contingent that went to London to present a Guard of Honour to Queen Victoria, on the occasion of her Diamond Jubilee. Naval and Army Illustrated August 1897; also see Indian Army Lists, 1902, 1911
    • Subedar and Honorary Captain Bahadur Inayat Ullah Asmie, OBI (2nd Class), 10 Baluch Regiment.Captain Bahadur Inayat Ullah Asmi, OBI served in two World Wars, as Subedar and Captain (King's Commission); he died in 1947 in Lahore.
    • Subedar-Major Bahadur Jagindar Singh, OBI (2nd Class), IOM (2nd Class).Subedar-Major Bahadur Jagindar Singh, OBI ""
    • Subedar Major and Honorary Lieutenant Ram Singh Kaila, Bahadur, IOM, OBI, of 15th Ludhiana Sikhs (1887–1916), 82nd Punjabis (1916–21). IOM for gallantry at Chagra Kotal (Tirah, NWFP, Pakistan).vide GGO No. 430 of 1898. OBI vide Gazette of India No. 872 of 1917.
    • Commandant Sardar Bahadur Narain Singh Hundal, OBI 2nd Class, Kapurthala State Forces.
    • Risaldar Mir Dad Khan Tarin of 9th Hodson Horse.

    Notes


    • Peter Duckers, British Orders And Decorations, Shire Publications, Buckinghamshire, 2004

    Category:Orders, decorations, and medals of British India
    Category:Civil awards and decorations of the United Kingdom
    Category:Military awards and decorations of the United Kingdom
    Category:Orders, decorations, and medals of the British Empire
    Category:Orders, decorations, and medals of India
    Category:Medals of the Honourable East India Company
    Category:Awards established in 1837
     
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