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Năsăud County

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Năsăud County is one of the historic counties of Transylvania, Romania. The county seat was Bistrița.

Geography

Năsăud County was located in the north-central part of Greater Romania, in the north of Transylvania, covering 4,326 km2 and was located in Transylvania. Currently, the territory that comprised Năsăud County is now mostly included in the Bistrița-Năsăud County, while its eastern part belongs now to Suceava County. In the interwar period, the county was bordered on the south by Mureş County and a small part of Cluj County, to the west by Someș County, to the north by Maramureș County, and to the east by the counties of Câmpulung and Neamț.

History

The territory of Năsăud County was ceded to Romania by Hungary, as successor state to Austria-Hungary in the Treaty of Trianon (1920). Prior to then, the territory formed Beszterce-Naszód County in the Kingdom of Hungary. Romanian authorities established the county in 1925.
In 1938, the county was disestablished and incorporated into the newly formed Ținutul Mureș. In September 1940, following the Second Vienna Award, the county was annexed by Hungary and incorporated into a re-formed Beszterce-Naszód County until 1944. In 1945, the county was re-established under the Romanian rule and it was abolished in 1950 later by the Communist regime.

Administrative organization


Administratively, Năsăud County was originally divided into four districts (plăși):
  1. Plasa Bârgău
  2. Plasa Năsăud
  3. Plasa Rodna
  4. Plasa Șieu
Subsequently, the number of districts in the county became six, by setting up two new districts:
  1. Plasa Centrală
  2. Plasa Lechința

Population

According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 144,131, ethnically divided as follows: 71.5% Romanians, 14.4% Germans, 5.2% Hungarians, 4.4% Jews, 4.1% Romanies, as well as other minorities. Categorized by mother tongue, the population spoke Romanian (73.9%), German (14.6%), Hungarian (5.0%), Yiddish (4.1%), as well as other minority languages.Recensământul general al populației României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 304-307 From the religious point of view, the population was 60.2% Greek Catholic, 15.5% Lutheran, 13.8% Eastern Orthodox, 4.4% Jewish, 3.6% Reformed, 2.3% Roman Catholic, as well as other minorities.Recensământul general al populației României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 673-674

Urban population

In 1930, the county's urban population was 17,640, ethnically divided as follows: 48.4% Romanians, 25.8% Germans, 14.7% Jews, 8.3% Hungarians, as well as other minorities. Categorized by mother tongue, the population spoke Romanian (48.5%), German (26.9%), Yiddish (13.9%), Hungarian (9.0%), as well as other minority languages. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 38.7% Greek Catholic, 23.8% Lutheran, 14.9% Jewish, 10.4% Eastern Orthodox, 6.5% Roman Catholic, 5.3% Reformed, as well as other minorities.

External links


  • Năsăud County on memoria.ro

  • Category:Former counties of Romania
    Category:Geography of Transylvania
    Category:1925 establishments in Romania
    Category:1938 disestablishments in Romania
    Category:1945 establishments in Romania
    Category:1950 disestablishments in Romania
    Category:States and territories established in 1925
    Category:States and territories disestablished in 1938
    Category:States and territories established in 1945
    Category:States and territories disestablished in 1950
     
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