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Philaeus chrysops

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In this page talks about ( Philaeus chrysops ) It was sent to us on 14/06/2021 and was presented on 14/06/2021 and the last update on this page on 14/06/2021

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  {{Speciesbox
image = Philaeus_chrysops.jpg
image_caption = Philaeus chrysops. Male, dorsal view
image2 = Salticidae - Philaeus chrysops (female)-002.JPG
image2_caption = Female, dorsal view
genus = Philaeus
species = chrysops
authority = (Poda, 1761)
synonyms =
Philaeus chrysops is a species of jumping spider (Salticidae).

Distribution and habitat

Philaeus chrysops occurs in the Palearctic, from Portugal to South China and Korea. They are rather common in most of Europe, especially in the southern countries. They are not reported in Ireland, Iceland and some other northern regions , like Scandinavia, Estonia, Latvia and Northern European Russia. Outside Europe, they are present in North Africa, the Near East, Turkey, the Caucasus, Central Asia, Iran, Afghanistan, China, Mongolia and Korea. Araneae - Spiders of Europehttps://fauna-eu.org/cdm_dataportal/taxon/bef0d033-8e31-44b9-84e1-2a5a7bfcf746 Fauna europaea

Habitat

These spiders prefer open and warm areas. They can usually be found in dry, rocky or sandy habitats, with low and open vegetation.

Description


Normal body length is , but 5 mm small males do occur. Unusual for spiders, the males are often bigger. The sexes differ extremely Sexual dimorphism: males are very colorful with a glaringly red opisthosoma (chrysops means "golden eye" in Greek). The males have a dark brown or blackish cephalothorax, usually with two broad longitudinal white stripes behind the rear eyes. The abdomen is bright orange-red on the back and the sides, with a longitudinal black stripe in the center and black shoulders. The long, slender legs are dark with the patellae and most of the tibiae of the first two pairs bright orange-red.
The cephalothorax of the female is similar to the male, but with much smaller white stripes. The back of her abdomen is largely covered with a very broad rather irregular brown band with two longitudinal whitish stripes and a few whitish marks near the sides. The remainder of the abdomen and the sides may be orange-brown or pale brown, the legs light brown with dark brown rings.Murphy & Murphy 2000: 279
thumbright260pxMale, front view

Biology

These spiders can be found in the warm spring and summer months. The young spiders become adults around July. Like the other jumping spiders, this species does not use the canvas to capture prey. Philaeus chrysops hunts freely, quickly jumping on prey and blocking it with claws and pedipalps. Hunting takes place only during the day, in the hot hours. When the adult male has found a female, it will start a courtship, shaking forelegs in the air and drumming on the ground with the abdomen and pedipalps. After the mating, females lay the eggs in a cocoon, watching them until hatching. Philaeus chrysops at Plante Carnivore

Bibliography

  • (2000): An Introduction to the Spiders of South East Asia. Malaysian Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur.
  • (2007): The world spider catalog, version 8.0. American Museum of Natural History.
  • Barbara Baehr und Martin Baehr: Welche Spinne ist das? Die bekanntesten Arten Mitteleuropas. Mit Sonderteil: Exotische und giftige Spinnen der Welt. 2. Auflage, Kosmos Naturführer, Franck Kosmos, 2002, Seite 54
  • Heiko Bellmann: Kosmos Atlas Spinnentiere Europas. 3. Auflage, Franckh-Kosmos, Stuttgart 2006, S. 200–239
  • K. Gauckler: Goldäugige Springspinne und Zinnoberrote Röhrenspinne in Nordbayern. Mitteilungen der naturhistorischen Gesellschaft Nürnberg, 6, S. 51–55, 1971

External links

  • Meditflora
  • Images at digilander.libero.it: male with fly - http://digilander.libero.it/ilragnonero/Philaeus_chrysops/zampa-alta.jpg male front view - http://digilander.libero.it/ilragnonero/Philaeus_chrysops/tre4-6.jpg male - http://digilander.libero.it/ilragnonero/Philaeus_chrysops/xforum3.jpg male top view

Category:Salticidae
Category:Spiders of Asia
Category:Palearctic spiders
Category:Spiders described in 1761
 
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