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German National Prize for Art and Science

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right200pxthumbPendant of the German National Order for Art and Science
Through statutes of 30 January 1937, the German National Order for Art and Science ( ) was an award created by Adolf Hitler as a replacement for the Nobel Prize (he had forbidden Germans to accept the latter award in 1936 after an anti-Nazi German writer, Carl von Ossietzky, was awarded the 1935 Nobel Peace Prize). The prize was to be awarded each year to three outstanding German citizens who would receive 100,000 Reichsmarks which could be equally divided. Along with the prize money the recipient also received a certificate with the Order.
The Order, a round four pointed platinum star, with four gold National Eagles attached was designed by sculptor Müller-Erfurt, Berlin. It was to be worn on the left breast. In the centre is a medallion with a red enameled centre with the gold head of Pallas Athene. On an ivory coloured enameled background in gold letters was the inscription FÜR KUNST UND WISSENSCHAFT (For Art and Science). This was surrounded by diamonds set in a gold border.
The total number of National Prizes awarded between 1937 and 1939 was nine, making it the rarest award given in Nazi Germany. Due to the outbreak of the Second World War in Europe, no further awards were made.

Awardees

The German National Prize was awarded to nine people.

1937

The award announcement was held on 7 September 1937 and the award ceremony took place on 30 January 1938 by Adolf Hitler in the Reich Chancellery. The first five winners were:Nimmergut 2001, p. 1915
{class="wikitable sortable"
!Birth
!Death
!colspan=2Laureate
!class="unsortable"Notes
!Posthumous?
!Shared monetary award?
-
1878
1934
Professor Paul Troost
German architect; designed the Führerbau and Haus der Kunst.
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1893
1946
Dr Alfred Rosenberg
Reichsleiter; author of The Myth of the Twentieth Century, a key Nazi ideological work
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1861
1949
Professor August Bier
Surgeon and the first to perform spinal anesthesia and intravenous regional anesthesia. Shared the monetary award with Ferdinand Sauerbruch.
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1875
1951
Professor Ferdinand Sauerbruch
Surgeon and developer of the Sauerbruch chamber, a pressure chamber for operating on the open thorax, and new types of limb prostheses, which for the first time enabled simple movements to be executed with the remaining muscle of the patient. Shared the monetary award with August Bier.
-
1877
1957
Professor Wilhelm Filchner
German explorer and discoverer of the Luitpold Coast and the Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf.

1938

The award announcement was made on 6 September 1938, the presentation by Hitler took place 30 January 1939 in the Chancellery. The winners of this second year were:Nimmergut 2001, p. 1916
{class="wikitable sortable"
!Birth
!Death
!colspan=2Laureate
!class="unsortable"Notes
!Posthumous?
!Shared monetary award?
-
1891
1942
Dr Fritz Todt
German engineer, Inspector General of the German Highway System and founder of the Organisation Todt.
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1875
1951
Professor Ferdinand Porsche
German automotive engineer and creator of the Volkswagen.
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1888
1958
Professor Ernst Heinkel
German aircraft designer and producer of the Heinkel He 178, the world's first turbojet aircraft and the Heinkel He 176, the world's first rocket aircraft. Shared the monetary award with Willy Messerschmitt.
-
1898
1978
Professor Willy Messerschmitt
German aircraft manufacturer and designer of the Messerschmitt Bf 109, the most produced fighter aircraft in history. Shared the monetary award with Ernst Heinkel.

See also

  • Lenin Prize
  • Stalin Prize

Notes


  • Jörg Nimmergut: Deutsche Orden und Ehrenzeichen bis 1945. Band 4: Württemberg II – Deutsches Reich. Zentralstelle für Wissenschaftliche Ordenskunde, München 2001, ; S. 1910–1917.

Category:Orders, decorations, and medals of Nazi Germany
Category:Awards established in 1937
Category:Awards disestablished in 1939
Category:1939 disestablishments in Germany
Category:Nobel Peace Prize
Category:1937 establishments in Germany
Category:Science in Nazi Germany
 
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