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220 Stephania

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In this page talks about ( 220 Stephania ) It was sent to us on 18/01/2021 and was presented on 18/01/2021 and the last update on this page on 18/01/2021

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Stephania (minor planet designation: 220 Stephania) is a dark background asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately in diameter. It was discovered on 19 May 1881, by Austrian astronomer Johann Palisa at the Vienna Observatory. The C-type asteroid has a rotation period of 18.2 hours. It was named after Princess Stéphanie of Belgium.

Classification and orbit

Stephania is a non-family asteroid of the main belt's background population, when applying the Hierarchical Clustering Method to its proper orbital elements. It orbits the Sun in the inner asteroid belt at a distance of 1.7–3.0 AU once every 3 years and 7 months (1,315 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.26 and an inclination of 8° with respect to the ecliptic.

Discovery and naming

Stephania was discovered by Johann Palisa on May 19, 1881, in Vienna. It was the first discovery he made after transferring to the observatory from Pola.
The name honours Crown Princess Stéphanie (1864–1945), wife of the heir-apparent Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria. The couple was married the year the asteroid was discovered. It was the first time that a naming commemorated a wedding and was given as a wedding gift. The official naming citation was mentioned in The Names of the Minor Planets by Paul Herget in 1955 ( ).

Physical characteristics

Spectral type

In the Tholen classification, this asteroid's spectrum is ambiguous, close to an X-type and somewhat similar to that of a carbonaceous C-type asteroid (CX). A French spectroscopic survey that observed two dozens of these X-types classified by Tholen, determined that Stephania is in fact a carbonaceous C-type asteroid (rather than an X-type). The Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) has also characterized it as a primitive P-type asteroid.

Lightcurves

Lightcurve data has also been recorded by observers at the Antelope Hill Observatory ( ), which has been designated as an official observatory by the Minor Planet Center.

Diameter and albedo

According to the surveys carried out by the Infrared Astronomical Satellite IRAS, the Japanese Akari satellite and the NEOWISE mission of NASA's WISE telescope, Stephania measures between 31.12 and 38.46 kilometers in diameter and its surface has a low albedo between 0.03 and 0.075. The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link derives an albedo of 0.0607 and a diameter of 31.04 kilometers based on an absolute magnitude of 11.2.

Notes

{{notelistrefs=
{{efnname=lcdb-CALL-20111=Anonymous lightcurve –CALL-2011 (web): rotation period hours with a brightness amplitude of mag. Quality code of 2. Summary figures for (220) Stephania at the LCDB
{{efnname=lcdb-Koff-20111=Lightcurve plot of (220) Stephania by Robert A. Koff (a.k.a. William Koff) Antelope Hills Observatory, Colorado ; Rotation period hours with a brightness amplitude of mag. Quality code of 2. Summary figures at the http://www.minorplanet.info/PHP/generateOneAsteroidInfo.php?AstInfo=220%7CStephania LCDB
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External links

  • Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB), query form (http://www.minorplanet.info/lightcurvedatabase.html info)
  • Dictionary of Minor Planet Names, Google books
  • Asteroids and comets rotation curves, CdR – Observatoire de Genève, Raoul Behrend
  • Lightcurves from the Antelope Hills Observatory
  • Discovery Circumstances: Numbered Minor Planets (1)-(5000) – Minor Planet Center

000220
Category:Discoveries by Johann Palisa
Category:Minor planets named for people
Category:Named minor planets
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18810519
 
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