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Happy Feet

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released =
runtime = 108 minutes
country =
language = English
budget = $100 million
gross = $384.3 million
Happy Feet is a 2006 computer-animated musical comedy film directed, produced, and co-written by George Miller. It stars the voices of Elijah Wood, Robin Williams, Brittany Murphy, Hugh Jackman, Nicole Kidman, Hugo Weaving, and E.G. Daily. An international co-production between the United States and Australia, the film was produced at Sydney-based visual effects and animation studio Animal Logic for Warner Bros., Village Roadshow Pictures, and Kingdom Feature Productions, and was released in North American theaters on 17 November 2006. It is the first animated film produced by Kennedy Miller and Animal Logic.
Though primarily an animated film, the film does incorporate motion capture of live action humans in certain scenes. The film was simultaneously released in both conventional theatres and in IMAX 2D format. The studio had hinted that a future IMAX 3D release was a possibility. However, Warner Bros., the film's production company, was on too tight a budget to release Happy Feet in IMAX digital 3D.
Happy Feet received generally positive reviews from critics, becoming the recipient of the inaugural BAFTA Award for Best Animated Film, and the fourth non-Disney or Pixar film to win the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature. It was nominated for the Annie Award for Best Animated Feature and the Saturn Award for Best Animated Film. A sequel, Happy Feet Two, was released on 18 November 2011.


Every emperor penguin sings a unique song called a "heartsong" to attract a mate. If the male penguin's heartsong matches the female's song, the two penguins mate. Norma Jean, a female penguin, falls for Memphis, a male penguin and they become mates. They lay an egg, which is left in Memphis' care, while Norma Jean leaves with the other females to fish. While the males struggle through the harsh winter, Memphis briefly drops the egg. The resulting chick, Mumble, is unable to sing but can tap dance. Nevertheless, he is enamored with Gloria, a female penguin who is regarded as the most talented of her age. One day, Mumble encounters a group of hostile skua, with a leader who is tagged with a yellow band, which he says is from an alien abduction. Mumble narrowly escapes the hungry birds by falling into a crevice.
Now a young adult, Mumble is frequently ridiculed by the elders. After escaping from a leopard seal attack, Mumble befriends a group of Adelie penguins called "the Amigos", who embrace Mumble's dance moves and assimilate him into their group. After seeing a hidden human excavator in an avalanche, they opt to ask Lovelace, a rockhopper penguin, about its origin. Lovelace has the plastic rings of a six pack entangled around his neck, saying that they have been bestowed upon him by mystic beings.
For the emperor penguins, it is mating season and Gloria is the center of attention. Ramón, one of the Amigos, attempts to help Mumble win her affection by singing a Spanish version of "My Way", with Mumble lip syncing, to no avail. In desperation, Mumble begins tap dancing in synch with her song. She falls for him and the youthful penguins join in for singing and dancing to "Boogie Wonderland". The elders are appalled by Mumble's conduct, which they see as the reason for their lean fishing season. Memphis begs Mumble to stop dancing, for his own sake, but when Mumble refuses, he is exiled.
Mumble and the Amigos return to Lovelace, only to find him being choked by the plastic rings. Lovelace confesses they were snagged on him while swimming off the forbidden shores, beyond the land of the elephant seals. Not long into their journey, they are met by Gloria, who wishes to join with Mumble as his mate. Fearing for her safety, he ridicules Gloria, driving her away.
At the forbidden shore, the group finds a fishing boat. Mumble pursues it solo to the brink of exhaustion. He is eventually washed up on the shore of Australia, where he is rescued and kept at Marine World with Magellanic penguins. After a long and secluded confinement in addition to fruitlessly trying to communicate with the humans, he nearly succumbs to madness. When a girl attempts to interact with Mumble by tapping the glass, he starts dancing, which attracts a large crowd. He is released back into the wild, with a tracking device attached to his back. He returns to his colony and challenges the will of the elders. Memphis reconciles with him, just as a research team arrives, proving the statements of the existence of "aliens" to be true. The whole of the colony, even Noah the leader of the elders, engages in dance.
The research team returns their expedition footage, prompting a worldwide debate. The governments realize they are overfishing, leading to the banning of all Antarctic fishing. At this, the emperor penguins and the Amigos celebrate.


  • Elijah Wood as Mumble
    • E. G. Daily as baby Mumble
  • Robin Williams as Ramón, Cletus, Lovelace, and the narrator
  • Brittany Murphy as Gloria
    • Alyssa Shafer as baby Gloria
  • Hugh Jackman as Memphis
  • Nicole Kidman as Norma Jean
  • Hugo Weaving as Noah the Elder
  • Fat Joe as Seymour
    • Cesar Flores as baby Seymour
  • Anthony LaPaglia as Skua Boss
  • Magda Szubanski as Miss Viola
  • Miriam Margolyes as Mrs. Astrakhan
  • Steve Irwin as Trev
  • Carlos Alazraqui as Nestor
  • Lombardo Boyar as Raul
  • Jeffrey Garcia as Rinaldo
  • Johnny Sanchez as Lombardo
  • Roger Rose as Leopard Seal


George Miller cites as an initial inspiration for the film an encounter with a grizzled old cameraman, whose father was Frank Hurley of the Shackleton expeditions, during the shooting of Mad Max 2: "We were sitting in this bar, having a milkshake, and he looked across at me and said, ‘Antarctica.’ He'd shot a documentary there. He said, ‘You’ve got to make a film in Antarctica. It’s just like out here, in the wasteland. It’s spectacular.’ And that always stuck in my head.”"The filmmaker behind the 'Mad Max' and 'Babe' franchises turns his attention to musical fowl" . In Focus. Retrieved November 13, 2010.
Happy Feet was also partially inspired by earlier documentaries such as the BBC's Life in the Freezer. In 2001, during an otherwise non-sequitur meeting, Doug Mitchell impulsively presented Warner Bros., studio president Alan Horn with an early rough draft of the film's screenplay, and asked them to read it while he and Miller flew back to Australia. By the time they'd landed, Warner had decided to provide funding on the film. Production was slated to begin sometime after the completion of the fourth Mad Max film, Fury Road, but geo-political complications pushed Happy Feet to the forefront in early 2003.
The animation is invested heavily in motion capture technology, with the dance scenes acted out by human dancers. The tap-dancing for Mumble in particular was provided by Savion Glover who was also co-choreographer for the dance sequences. The dancers went through "Penguin School" to learn how to move like a penguin, and also wore head apparatus to mimic a penguin's beak.
Happy Feet needed an enormous group of computers, and Animal Logic worked with IBM to build a server farm with sufficient processing potential. The film took four years to make. Ben Gunsberger, Lighting Supervisor and VFX Department Supervisor, says this was partly because they needed to build new infrastructure and tools. The server farm used IBM BladeCenter framework and BladeCenter HS20 blade servers, which are extremely dense separate computer units each with two Intel Xeon processors. Rendering took up 17 million CPU hours over a nine-month period.
According to Miller, the environmental message was not a major part of the original script, but "In Australia, we're very, very aware of the ozone hole," he said, "and Antarctica is literally the canary in the coal mine for this stuff. So it sort of had to go in that direction." This influence led to a film with a more environmental tone. Miller said, "You can't tell a story about Antarctica and the penguins without giving that dimension."
The film was dedicated to the memory of Nick Enright, Michael Jonson, Robby McNeilly Green, and Steve Irwin.


Happy Feet is a jukebox musical, taking previously recorded songs and working them into the film's soundtrack to fit with the mood of the scene or character. Two soundtrack albums were released for the film; one containing songs from and inspired by the film, and another featuring John Powell's instrumental score. They were released on 31 October 2006 and 19 December 2006, respectively.
Prince's "Song of the Heart" won the Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song. The film won Golden Trailer Award for Best Music. The song was written by Prince specifically for Happy Feet shortly after he was given a private screening of the film in order to gain his approval for the use of his song "Kiss" in a musical number. Prince enjoyed the film, gave his approval for the use of "Kiss" and offered to write an original song for the production, which he completed a week later.


{{Infobox album
name = Happy Feet: Music from the Motion Picture
type = Soundtrack
artist = Various Artists
cover =
alt =
released = 31 October 2006
recorded =
venue =
studio =
genre = Soundtrack, pop, rock, R&B, hip hop
length = 47:47
label = Warner Sunset, Atlantic
producer = John Powell, George Miller
chronology = Happy Feet soundtrack
prev_title =
prev_year =
next_title = Happy Feet: Original Score
next_year = 2006
misc =
Happy Feet: Music from the Motion Picture is the lyrical soundtrack album from the 2006 animated film Happy Feet. As of March 2007, the OST has sold over 272,627 copies in the US.
{{Track listing
total_length = 47:37
headline = Happy Feet: Music from the Motion Picture
extra_column = Performer(s)
title1 = The Song of the Heart
writer1 = Prince
extra1 = Prince
length1 = 4:35
title2 = Hit Me Up
writer2 = Brian Kierulf, Josh Schwartz & Gia Farrell
extra2 = Gia Farrell
length2 = 3:16
title3 = Tell Me Something Good
writer3 = Stevie Wonder
extra3 = Pink
length3 = 3:08
title4 = Somebody to Love
writer4 = Freddie Mercury
extra4 = Brittany Murphy
length4 = 3:47
title5 = I Wish
writer5 = Stevie Wonder
extra5 = Patti LaBelle, Yolanda Adams and Fantasia Barrino
length5 = 3:31
title6 = Jump N' Move
writer6 = Simon Bartholomew, Jan Kincaid, Andrew Levy & Jamal Mitchell
extra6 = The Brand New Heavies (featuring Jamalski)
length6 = 3:18
title7 = Do It Again
writer7 = Brian Wilson & Mike Love
extra7 = The Beach Boys
length7 = 2:24
title8 = The Joker mash-up with Everything I Own
writer8 = "The Joker" by Steve Miller, Eddie Curtis & Ahmet Ertegün;
"Everything I Own" by David Gates
extra8 = "The Joker" by Jason Mraz;
"Everything I Own" by Chrissie Hynde
length8 = 4:05
title9 = My Way (A Mi Manera)
writer9 = Paul Anka, Jacques Revaux, Claude François & Gilles Thibault
extra9 = Robin Williams
length9 = 1:44
title10 = Kiss mash-up with Heartbreak Hotel
writer10 = "Kiss" by Prince;
"Heartbreak Hotel" by Mae Boren Axton, Thomas Durden, and Elvis Presley
extra10 = "Kiss" by Nicole Kidman;
"Heartbreak Hotel" by Hugh Jackman
length10 = 2:36
title11 = Boogie Wonderland
writer11 = Allee Willis & Jonathan Lind
extra11 = Brittany Murphy
length11 = 5:07
title12 = Golden Slumbers / The End
writer12 = Paul McCartney
extra12 = k.d. lang
length12 = 4:16
title13 = The Story of Mumble Happy Feet
writer13 = John Powell
extra13 =
length13 = 5:50


Box office

The film opened at number 1 in the United States on its first weekend of release (17–19 November), grossing $41.6 million and beating Casino Royale for the top spot.Weekend Box Office Results for 17–19 November 2006. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 13 November 2010. It remained number 1 for the Thanksgiving weekend, making $51.6 million over the five-day period. In total, the film was the top grosser for three weeks, a 2006 box office feat matched only by Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest. As of 8 June 2008, Happy Feet had grossed $198.0 million in the U.S. and $186.3 million overseas, making about $384.3 million worldwide. Happy Feet was the third highest grossing animated film of 2006 in the U.S., behind Cars and Ice Age: The Meltdown. The film was released in about 35 international territories at the close of 2006. Happy Feet (2006) - Weekend Box Office Results. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 13 November 2010. Weekend Box Office Results for 1–3 February 2008. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 13 November 2010.
The production budget was $100 million.

Critical reception

Happy Feet received generally positive reviews from critics. On review aggregator site Rotten Tomatoes, the film has a 76% "Certified Fresh" score based on 167 reviews, with an average rating of 6.91/10. The site's consensus reads, "Visually dazzling, with a thoughtful storyline and catchy musical numbers, Happy Feet marks a successful animated debut from the makers of Babe." Metacritic reports a 77 out of 100 rating, based on 30 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".


The film garnered analysis and dissection from various critics. Film critic Yar Habnegnal wrote an essay in Forum on Contemporary Art and Society that examines the themes of encroachment presented throughout the film, as well as various other subtexts and themes, such as religious hierarchy and interracial tensions.Yar Habnegnal on Happy Feet. Retrieved 13 November 2010. Vadim Rizov of IFC (American TV channel)IFC sees Mumble as just the latest in a long line of cinematic religious mavericks.
On a technical or formal level, the film has also been lauded in some corners for its innovative introduction of Miller's roving style of subjective cinematography into contemporary animation.

Home media

Happy Feet was released on home media on 27 March 2007,"Happy Feet (2006) - Elijah Wood, Nicole Kidman, Hugh Jackman" . Retrieved 2 January 2011. in the United States in three formats; DVD (in separate widescreen and pan and scan editions), Blu-ray Disc, and an HD DVD/DVD combo pack. "Happy Feet to Dance on Blu-ray, HD DVD This March High-Def Digest". Retrieved 2 January 2011.
Among the DVD's special features is a scene that was cut from the film where Mumble meets a blue whale and an albatross. The albatross was Steve Irwin's first voice role in the film before he voiced the elephant seal in the final cut. The scene was finished and included on the DVD in Irwin's memory. This scene is done in Irwin's classic documentary style, with the albatross telling the viewer all about the other characters in the scene, and the impact people are having on their environment.


The film appeared on numerous critics' top ten lists of the best films of 2006.
{ by Prince
Golden Trailer AwardsGolden Trailer Awards . Retrieved 2 January 2011.
Best Music
rowspan=2 Grammy Awards
Best Score Soundtrack Album for Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media
John Powell
Best Song Written for Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media
"The Song of the Heart", Prince
Kids' Choice Awards
Favorite Animated Movie
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards
Best Animation
New York Film Critics Circle Awards
Best Animated Film
Satellite Awards
Best Motion Picture, Animated or Mixed Media
Saturn Awards
Best Animated Film

Video games

A video game based on the film was developed by A2M and published by Midway Games. It has the same main cast as the film. It was released for the PC, PlayStation 2, GameCube, GBA, NDS, and Wii.Happy Feet. Retrieved 2 January 2011.
Artificial Life, Inc. has also developed a mobile game for the Japan market.(2007-04-24). Parthajit; "Happy Feet Goes Mobile". Softpedia. Retrieved 2 January 2011.


Happy Feet Two was produced at Dr. D Studios"About Dr. D Studios". Retrieved 13 November 2010. and released on 18 November 2011. Wood and Williams reprised their roles for the sequel. Murphy was set to reprise her role and begin recording sometime in 2010, but was replaced by P!nk after Murphy died from pneumonia on 20 December 2009. Matt Damon and Brad Pitt signed on as Bill the Krill and Will the Krill respectively.(19 January 2010). "Matt Damon, Brad Pitt to Voice Characters in Happy Feet Sequel" . Retrieved 13 November 2010.

4-D attraction

Happy Feet 4-D Experience is a 12-minute 4D film shown at various 4D theaters over the world. It retells the condensed story of Happy Feet with the help of 3D projection and sensory effects, including moving seats, wind, mist and scents. Produced by SimEx-Iwerks, the 4D experience premiered in March 2010 at the Drayton Manor Theme Park. Other locations included Sea World (2010–2011), Shedd Aquarium (2010–2012), Moody Gardens (2010–2011), Nickelodeon Suites Resort, and Adventure Aquarium.

See also

  • March of the Penguins â€” A 2005 nature documentary film about the real life emperor penguins. It won the 2005 Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature.

  • External links

    title = Awards for Happy Feet
    list =
    Category:2006 films
    Category:Australian films
    Category:English-language films
    Category:2006 computer-animated films
    Category:2000s adventure films
    Category:2000s American animated films
    Category:2000s buddy films
    Category:2000s musical films
    Category:2000s musical comedy films
    Category:American adventure comedy films
    Category:American buddy films
    Category:American children's animated adventure films
    Category:American children's animated comedy films
    Category:American children's animated musical films
    Category:American computer-animated films
    Category:American films
    Category:American musical comedy films
    Category:Animal Logic films
    Category:Animated buddy films
    Category:Animated films about penguins
    Category:Australian animated films
    Category:Australian children's films
    Category:Australian comedy films
    Category:Australian musical films
    Category:Best Animated Feature Academy Award winners
    Category:Best Animated Feature BAFTA winners
    Category:Environmental films
    Category:Films directed by George Miller
    Category:Films produced by George Miller
    Category:Films set in Antarctica
    Category:Films with live action and animation
    Category:Kennedy Miller Mitchell films
    Category:Jukebox musical films
    Category:Films with screenplays by George Miller
    Category:Films with screenplays by John Collee
    Category:Village Roadshow Pictures animated films
    Category:Warner Bros. animated films
    Category:Warner Bros. films
    Category:Films scored by John Powell
    Category:Films using motion capture
    Category:2000s children's films
    Category:2006 comedy films

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