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Stenocereus

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In this page talks about ( Stenocereus ) It was sent to us on 15/03/2021 and was presented on 15/03/2021 and the last update on this page on 15/03/2021

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Stenocereus (Gk. stenos, narrow, L. cereus, candle) is a genus of columnar or tree-like cacti from the Baja California Peninsula and other parts of Mexico, Arizona in the United States, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Venezuela and the ABC islands of the Dutch Caribbean. The genus has been enlarged by the addition of species from several other genera. A close relative is the peculiar chinoa or chende cactus, Polaskia chende.
The flowers are mostly borne near the apex of the stems and mostly nocturnal. They are considered easy to grow and generally grow slowly.
Stenocereus thurberi (the organ pipe cactus) is a well-known member of this genus and is widely distributed in Arizona and northern Mexico.
The fruit is similar to a dragon fruit. Those of Stenocereus gummosus, acidic and very refreshing, are highly favored by the Seris of northwestern MexicoFelger & Moser (1985) who call the cactus ziix is ccapxl - "thing whose fruit is sour". It is commonly known in Spanish as pitaya agria, or by the English translation Sour Pitaya. S. griseus (Dagger Cactus) fruits, locally known as iguaraya, are relished by the Wayuu from the La Guajira Peninsula of Colombia.Villalobos et al. (2007)
Stenocereus are often used as ornamental plants in hot and arid regions, and as noted above, some species can double as a fruit crop.
The interior of Stenocereus trunks often grows to form tough, cane-like stakes suitable for certain kinds of construction. The Wayuu use those of Dagger Cactus for building wattle and daub walls, a technique they call yotojoro, after their name for the cactus wood "canes".

Selected species

{ class="wikitable"
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! Image !! Scientific name !! Common Name !! Distribution
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Stenocereus alamosensis (J.M. Coult.) A.C. Gibson & K.E. HorakOctopus cactus, cina Mexico
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Stenocereus aragonii (F.A.C.Weber) Buxb. Costa Rica
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120px Stenocereus beneckei (Ehrenb.) A. Berger & Buxb. Central Mexico
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Stenocereus chacalapensis (Bravo & T. MacDoug.) Buxb. Oaxaca - Mexico
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Stenocereus chrysocarpus Sánchez-Mej. Guerrero and Michoacán, Mexico
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120px Stenocereus eichlamii (Britton & Rose) Buxb. ex BravoGuanocal, Organo, Pitahaya, Tuna Guatemala : Chiapas - Mexico (Central America, North America)
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120px Stenocereus eruca (Brandegee) A.C. Gibson & K.E. HorakCreeping devil caterpillar cactus Baja California Sur - Mexico
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120px Stenocereus fimbriatus (Lam.) Lourteig Cuba, Hispaniola (Haiti, Dominican Republic) : Jamaica, Puerto Rico - Greater Antilles (West Indies - Caribbean)
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Stenocereus fricii Sánchez-Mej.Pitayo De Aguas Colima, Jalisco, Michoacan de Ocampo - Mexico
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120px Stenocereus griseus (Haw.) Buxb.Dagger cactus, yosú (Wayuunaiki) Mexico to Venezuela
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120px Stenocereus gummosus (Engelm.) A. Gibson & K.E. HorakSour pitaya, pitaya agria, ziix is ccapxl (Cmiique iitom) Baja California (Norte), Baja California Sur - Mexico
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Stenocereus kerberi K. Schum.) A.C. Gibson & K.E. Horak Colima, Sinaloa - Mexico
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Stenocereus martinezii (J.G. Ortega) Buxb.Pitahayo, Pitayo Sinaloa - Mexico
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120px Stenocereus montanus (Britton & Rose) Buxb. Chihuahua, Colima, Jalisco, Nayarit, Sinaloa, Sonora - Mexico
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120px Stenocereus pruinosus (Otto ex Pfeiff.) Buxb. Chiapas, Guerrero, Oaxaca, Puebla, Tamaulipas, Veracruz-Llave - Mexico
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120px Stenocereus queretaroensis F.A.C.Weber ex Mathes.) Buxb. Colima, Guanajuato, Jalisco, Michoacan de Ocampo, Queretaro de Zaragoza - Mexico
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Stenocereus quevedonis (J.G. Ortega) Buxb.Pitire Sinaloa - Mexico
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Stenocereus standleyi (J.G. Ortega) Buxb.Pitaya Marismena Guerrero, Sinaloa - Mexico
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120px Stenocereus stellatus (Pfeiff.) Riccob.Baja organ pipe cactus Oaxaca, Morelos, Puebla - Mexico
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120px Stenocereus thurberi (Engelm.) Buxb.Organpipe cactus Baja California (Norte), Baja California Sur, Sinaloa, Sonora - Mexico, Arizona - United States
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120px Stenocereus treleasei (Vaupel) Backeb.Tunillo Oaxaca - Mexico
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Stenocereus yunckeri (Standl.) P.V. Heath Guatemala, Honduras
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File:Sguaro1.jpgClose-up of organpipe cactus (S. thurberi) spines
File:Fruto de Stenocereus queretaroensis.jpgFruit of Stenocereus queretaroensis prepared for eating
File:Stenocereus gummosus Huntington Desert Garden.jpgStenocereus gummosus at the Huntington Desert Garden.

Footnotes


  • Anderson, Edward F. (2001): The Cactus Family
  • Felger, Richard & Moser, Mary B. (1985): People of the desert and sea: ethnobotany of the Seri Indians. University of Arizona Press, Tucson
  • Innes, C. & Wall, B. (1995): Cacti, Succulents and Bromaliads. Cassell & The Royal Horticultural Society.
  • Villalobos, Soraya; Vargas, Orlando & Melo, Sandra (2007): Uso, manejo y conservacion de "yosú", Stenocereus griseus (Cactaceae) en la Alta Guajira colombiana Usage, Management and Conservation of yosú, Stenocereus griseus (Cactaceae), in the Upper Guajira, Colombia. Spanish with English abstract Acta Biologica Colombiana 12(1): 99–112. PDF fulltext

External links


  • cactiguide.com

Category:Cactoideae genera
Category:Cacti of North America
Category:Taxa named by Alwin Berger
Category:Taxa named by Vincenzo Riccobono
 
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