Today: Wednesday 4 August 2021 , 7:09 am


advertisment
search




Xanthidae

Last updated 5 Month , 1 Day 3 Views

Advertisement
In this page talks about ( Xanthidae ) It was sent to us on 05/03/2021 and was presented on 05/03/2021 and the last update on this page on 05/03/2021

Your Comment


Enter code
  {{Automatic taxobox
image = Xantho poressa 2009 G2.jpg
image_caption = Xantho poressa
taxon = Xanthidae
authority = Macleay, 1838 
subdivision_ranks = Subfamilies
subdivision =
  • Actaeinae Alcock, 1898
  • Antrocarcininae Ng & D. G. B. Chia, 1994
  • Chlorodiellinae Ng & Holthuis, 2007
  • Cymoinae Alcock, 1898
  • Etisinae Ortmann, 1893
  • Euxanthinae Alcock, 1898
  • Glyptoxanthinae Mendoza & Guinot, 2011
  • Kraussiinae Ng, 1993
  • Liomerinae T. Sakai, 1976
  • Polydectinae Dana, 1851
  • Speocarcininae Å tevčić, 2005
  • Xanthinae MacLeay, 1838
  • Zalasiinae Serène, 1968
  • Zosiminae Alcock, 1898

Xanthidae is a family of crabs known as gorilla crabs, mud crabs, pebble crabs or rubble crabs. Xanthid crabs are often brightly coloured and are highly poisonous, containing toxins which are not destroyed by cooking and for which no antidote is known. The toxins are similar to the tetrodotoxin and saxitoxin produced by puffer fish, and may be produced by bacteria in the genus Vibrio living in symbiosis with the crabs, mostly V. alginolyticus and V. parahaemolyticus.

Classification

Many species formerly included in the family Xanthidae have since been moved to new families. Despite this, Xanthidae is still the largest crab family in terms of species richness, with 572 species in 133 genera divided among the thirteen subfamilies:
  • Actaeinae Alcock, 1898
    • Actaea De Haan, 1833
    • Actaeodes Dana, 1851
    • Actaeops † Portell & Collins, 2004
    • Allactaea Williams, 1974
    • Epiactaea Serène, 1984
    • Epiactaeodes Serène, 1984
    • Forestia Guinot, 1976
    • Gaillardiellus Guinot, 1976
    • Heteractaea Lockington, 1877
    • Lobiactaea T. Sakai, 1983
    • Meractaea Serène, 1984
    • Novactaea Guinot, 1976
    • Odhneria T. Sakai, 1983
    • Paractaea Guinot, 1969
    • Paractaeopsis Serène, 1984
    • Phlyctenodes † A. Milne-Edwards, 1862
    • Platyactaea Guinot, 1967
    • Psaumis Kossmann, 1877
    • Pseudactaea Serène, 1962
    • Pseudoliomera Odhner, 1925
    • Pseudophlyctenodes † Busulini, Tessier & Beschin, 2006
    • Rata Davie, 1993
    • Serenius Guinot, 1976
  • Antrocarcininae Ng & D. G. B. Chia, 1994
    • Antrocarcinus Ng & D. G. B. Chia, 1994
    • Cyrtocarcinus Ng & D. G. B. Chia, 1994
    • Glyptocarcinus Takeda, 1973
  • Chlorodiellinae Ng & Holthuis, 2007
    • Chlorodiella Rathbun, 1897
    • Cyclodius Dana, 1851
    • Garthiella Titgen, 1986
    • Liocarpiloides Klunzinger, 1913
    • Pilodius Dana, 1851
    • Sulcodius P. F. Clark & Ng, 1999
    • Tweedieia Ward, 1935
    • Vellodius Ng & Yang, 1998
  • Cymoinae Alcock, 1898
    • Cymo De Haan, 1833
  • Etisinae Ortmann, 1893
    • Etisus H. Milne-Edwards, 1834
    • Paraetisus Ward, 1933
  • Euxanthinae Alcock, 1898
    • Alainodaeus Davie, 1993
    • Batodaeus Vázquez-Bader & Gracia, 2004
    • Carpoporus Stimpson, 1871
    • Cranaothus Ng, 1993
    • Crosnierius Serène & Vadon, 1981
    • Danielea Ng & P. F. Clark, 2003
    • Edwardsium Guinot, 1967
    • Epistocavea Davie, 1993
    • Euxanthus Dana, 1851
    • Guinotellus Serène, 1971
    • Hepatoporus Serène, 1984
    • Hypocolpus Rathbun, 1897
    • Ladomedaeus Å tevčić, 2005
    • Lipaesthesius Rathbun, 1898
    • Medaeops Guinot, 1967
    • Medaeus Dana, 1851
    • Miersiella Guinot, 1967
    • Monodaeus Guinot, 1967
    • Olenothus Ng, 2002
    • Palatigum Davie, 1997
    • Paramedaeus Guinot, 1967
    • Pleurocolpus Crosnier, 1995
    • Pseudomedaeus Guinot, 1968
    • Rizalthus Mendoza & Ng, 2008
    • Visayax Mendoza & Ng, 2008
  • Glyptoxanthinae Mendoza & Guinot, 2011 
    • Glyptoxanthus A. Milne-Edwards, 1879
  • Kraussiinae Ng, 1993
    • Garthasia Ng, 1993
    • Kraussia Dana, 1852
    • Palapedia Ng, 1993
  • Liomerinae T. Sakai, 1976
    • Actiomera Ng, Guinot & Davie, 2008
    • Bruciana Serène, 1977
    • Liomera Dana, 1851
    • Meriola Davie, 1993
    • Neoliomera Odhner, 1925
    • Neomeria † C.-H. Hu & Tao, 1996
    • Paraliomera Rathbun, 1930
  • Polydectinae Dana, 1851
    • Lybia H. Milne-Edwards, 1834
    • Polydectus H. Milne-Edwards, 1837
  • Speocarcininae Å tevčić, 2005
    • Speocarcinus Stimpson, 1859
  • Xanthinae MacLeay, 1838
    • Cataleptodius Guinot, 1968
    • Coralliope Guinot, 1967
    • Cycloxanthops Rathbun, 1897
    • Demania Laurie, 1906
    • Ectaesthesius Rathbun, 1898
    • Epixanthops Serène, 1984
    • Eucratodes A. Milne-Edwards, 1880
    • Euryxanthops Garth & Kim, 1983
    • Garthiope Guinot, 1990
    • Gaudichaudia Rathbun, 1930
    • Gonopanope Guinot, 1967
    • Guitonia Garth & Iliffe, 1992
    • Jacforus Ng & P. F. Clark, 2003
    • Juxtaxanthias Ward, 1942
    • Lachnopodus Stimpson, 1858
    • Leptodius A. Milne-Edwards, 1863
    • Liagore De Haan, 1833
    • Linnaeoxanthus Å tevčić, 2005
    • Lioxanthodes Calman, 1909
    • Macromedaeus Ward, 1942
    • Marratha Ng & P. F. Clark, 2003
    • Megametope Filhol, 1886
    • Megamia † Karasawa, 1993
    • Melybia Stimpson, 1871
    • Metaxanthops Serène, 1984
    • Metopoxantho † De Man, 1904
    • Microcassiope Guinot, 1967
    • Micropanope Stimpson, 1871
    • Nanocassiope Guinot, 1967
    • Nectopanope Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1891
    • Neolioxantho Garth & Kim, 1983
    • Neoxanthias Ward, 1932
    • Neoxanthops Guinot, 1968
    • Orphnoxanthus Alcock, 1896
    • Ovatis Ng & H.-I. Chen, 2004
    • Palaeoxanthops † Karasawa, 1993
    • Paraxanthias Odhner, 1925
    • Paraxanthodes Guinot, 1968
    • Paraxanthus Lucas, 1844
    • Xanthias Rathbun, 1897
    • Xantho Leach, 1814
    • Xanthodius Stimpson, 1859
  • Zalasiinae Serène, 1968
    • Banareia A. Milne-Edwards, 1869
    • Calvactaea Ward, 1933
    • Zalasius Rathbun, 1897
  • Zosiminae Alcock, 1898
    • Atergatis De Haan, 1833
    • Atergatopsis A. Milne-Edwards, 1862
    • Lophozozymus A. Milne-Edwards, 1863
    • Paratergatis T. Sakai, 1965
    • Platypodia Bell, 1835
    • Platypodiella Guinot, 1967
    • Pulcratis Ng & Huang, 1977
    • Zosimus Leach, 1818
    • Zozymodes Heller, 1861
  • Incertae sedis
    • Haydnella † Müller, 1984
    • Nogarolia † Beschin, Busulini, De Angeli & Tessier, 1994
    • Sculptoplax † Müller & Collins, 1991

External links


  • Category:Xanthoidea
     
    Comments

    There are no Comments yet

    last seen
    Most vists