The Emilio F. Aguinaldo Shrine is a national shrine located in Kawit, Cavite in the Philippines, where the Philippine Declaration of Independence from Spain was declared on June 12, 1898. To commemorate the event, now known as Araw ng Kalayaan or Independence Day, a national holiday, the Philippine flag is raised here by top government officials on June 12 each year. The house is now a museum.
The shrine is the ancestral home of Emilio Aguinaldo, officially the first President of the Philippines, the only president of the First Philippine Republic. The house was built in 1845 made from wood and thatch and reconstructed in 1849. Here, Aguinaldo was born on March 22, 1869.
On June 12, 1898, the independence from Spain was proclaimed from the window of the grand hall. The Declaration of Philippine Independence was read by its author, Ambrosio Rianzares BautistaHalili, M.C. (2004). books.google.com/books?id=gUt5v8ET4QYC "Philippine History", pg. 162. Rex Book Store, Manila. . The Declaration of Independence was ratified by the Malolos Congress on September 21, 1898.Guevarra, Sulpicio (1972). "The laws of the first Philippine Republic". p.5. National Historical Commission. President Aguinaldo greatly enlarged his home from 1919â€“1921, transforming it into a monument to flag and country.Quezon III, Manuel L. (2002-04-02). "History of the Philippine Flag" . Flags of the World. Retrieved on 2011-10-20. He constructed an elaborate "Independence balcony", which Aguinaldo and top Philippine officials used during independence day celebrations. Many visitors today assume the balcony to be the actual location of the Independence Proclamation. Aguinaldo donated his home to the Government of the PhilippinesPhilippine government on June 12, 1963, "to perpetuate the spirit of the Philippine Revolution of 1896 that put an end to Spanish colonization of the country".
Emilio F. Aguinaldo died on February 6, 1964, at the age of 94 at the Veterans Memorial Medical Center in Quezon City. The same year, the government declared the mansion as a National Shrine on June 18 through Republic Act of 4039 signed by President Diosdado Macapagal."The Aguinaldo Shrine". Philippine Culture â€“ Filipino.biz. Retrieved on 2011-10-16.Valmero, Anna (2011-04-08). http://gobacoor.ph/2011/04/08/revisiting-the-aguinaldo-shrine-in-cavite/ "Revisiting the Aguinaldo Shrine". GoBacoor. Retrieved on 2011-10-17.
The property which is adjacent to a river, was expanded to include Aguinaldo Park, a park in front of the house created for the Philippine Centennial celebration of 1998. The park with a long promenade and two long pools. Previously the house was fronted by a busy street. In the park is a bronze statue of Aguinaldo on horseback.
Aguinaldo's house is a mansion over in floor area designed by Aguinaldo himself. The house features secret passages and hiding places for documents and weapons and is filled with antique furniture and decorated throughout with motifs of the Philippine flag and other national symbols. The building is divided into three sections: the main house on the west side of the building, the family wing on the east, and the tower located in between."A House of History". National Historical Institute of the Philippines. Retrieved on 2011-10-19. The middle section is a five-story tower with a spire at the very top. The mezzanine level on the second floor is sometimes counted as an extra floor. The ground floor of the house was previously unwalled which is typical of the houses during the era. Today, it houses a museum of Aguinaldo's memorabilia and other historical artifacts. A hologram depicting Aguinaldo during the eve of June 12, 1898, is one of the exhibits. Located on the second floor is the grand hall, a large meeting room with the historic front window from where the Declaration of Independence was read. The front Independence balcony was added by Aguinaldo during the 1919 renovations.Javellana, Rene and Zialcita, Fernando Nakpil, etc. (1997). "Filipino Style", pg. 66â€“69. Periplus Editions (HK) Ltd. . The dining room located on the same floor is highlighted by a raised-relief map of the Philippines on its ceiling. Also on this level is the bedroom of Aguinaldo, the kitchen, a conference room, and a partially covered terrace on the western end of the building. On the east wing are three bedrooms for the general's three daughter's. A covered balcony (azotea) at the end of the wing was christened by Aguinaldo as Galeria de los Pecadores (Hall of the Sinners) as military plots against the Spanish authorities were planned there.Innocenti (2005-01-05). "Philippines, Cavite, Kawit (01-05-2005)" . Panoramio.com. Retrieved on 2011-10-17.aiebo (2007-12-27). https://www.panoramio.com/photo/6722935?source=wapi&referrer=kh.google.com "Aguinaldo's House at Kawit Cavite" . Panoramio.com. Retrieved on 2011-10-17. The next level is a mezzanine library which overlooks the grand hall below. A flight of stairs takes the visitor to the Ambassador Room used as a study by the general's son-in-law, Ambassador Jose Melencio. The next floor is the other bedroom of Aguinaldo which he used during the latter part of his life. A tiled terrace on this level gives a commanding view of the town to as far as Manila. A very narrow ladder takes one to the top of the tower which is allegedly the favorite spot of Aguinaldo.
thumbrightGarden and tomb of Emilio Aguinaldo The grounds of the house is lush with greenery bordered by a river on the east and backed by a fish pond to the south. On display outside the house is Aguinaldo's personal car, a 1924 Packard limousine restored in November 2009.ericaorange (2010-06-13). "The House of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo . Tara Na!. Retrieved on 2011-10-17. In the middle of the garden behind the house is a marble tomb where the first president is interred.
The Aguinaldo Shrine museum on the ground floor is maintained by the National Historical Commission of the Philippines.
Blogspot about the Aguinaldo Shrine.
The Aguinaldo Shrine at AngelCent, includes Interior photos and directions on getting there.
The House of General Aguinaldo. More interesting pictures of Aguinaldo Shrine from Tara Na!
Category:Kawit, Cavite Category:Houses in the Philippines Category:National Shrines of the Philippines Category:Historic house museums in the Philippines Category:Buildings and structures in Cavite Category:Tourist attractions in Cavite Category:Emilio Aguinaldo