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Iba, Zambales

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Iba, officially the , is a and capital of the province of , . According to the , it has a population of people.
As the capital of the province, it is second largest provincial capital in terms of land area in Central Luzon Region after Tarlac City.
Iba is the birthplace of former Philippine President Ramon Magsaysay. With a continuously growing number of commercial establishments, banks, and financial institutions in Iba, it contends among the most competitive municipalities in Philippines, and is pushing forward towards a progressive city.

History

Iba was founded by the Order of Augustinian Recollect priests led by Fray Rodrigo de San Miguel in 1611 as the village of Paynauen."Municipalities". Zambales Now, Official Website of the Province. Retrieved on 2012-05-30. The early inhabitants of the town are called Zambals. They were later joined by the Ilocanos who migrated to the town which resulted in intermingling of customs and traditions. The Aeta people settled in the hinterlands and the majority of them dwelled in the Mount Pinatubo area. In 1680, the administration of the town was turned over to the Dominican priests until the civil government came to power. There are no available records as to when Paynauen was renamed to Iba.
The municipality was named after the sour fruit "Iba", commonly known as kamias (Averrhoa bilimbi), which is abundant in the place. Local folklore talks about the Spaniards who came to the town asking the name of the place, the natives shouted "Iba, Iba" thinking that the man was asking what they were eating. From then on, the place was called Iba.
The permanent capital of Zambales was moved from Masinloc to Iba because of its strategic location being on the central part of Zambales. On August 28, 1901, American Civil Governor William Howard Taft held the historic session of the Second Philippine Commission establishing the Province of Zambales under the American rule held at Roman Catholic Church of Iba.

Geography

The municipality of Iba is bounded by the municipalities of Botolan to the south, Palauig to the north, the province of Tarlac to the east, and the South China Sea to the west. Like most of the municipalities in the province, Iba is geographically bound by the coast in the west with the Zambales Mountains in the eastern portion of the municipality.

Barangays

Iba is politically subdivided into 14 barangays.
  • Amungan (partly urban)
  • Bangantalinga (rural)
  • Dirita-Baloguen (partly urban)
  • Lipay-Dingin-Panibuatan (rural)
  • Palanginan (highly urban)
  • San Agustin (rural)
  • Santa Barbara (rural)
  • Santo Rosario (rural)
  • Zone 1 Pob. (highly urban)
  • Zone 2 Pob. (urban)
  • Zone 3 Pob. (urban)
  • Zone 4 Pob. (urban)
  • Zone 5 Pob. (urban)
  • Zone 6 Pob. (urban)

Climate

Iba has a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification Am). Iba's climate is no different from the other towns where rainy season begins from June and ends in September, while the dry season is from October to May. An average of of annual rainfall with a temperature of is observed during rainy season. The highest temperature recorded is while the lowest is .
{{Weather box
width = auto
location = Iba, Zambales (1981–2010, extremes 1910–2012)
metric first = yes
single line = Yes
Jan record high C = 37.2
Feb record high C = 37.2
Mar record high C = 38.5
Apr record high C = 38.8
May record high C = 38.0
Jun record high C = 38.2
Jul record high C = 38.6
Aug record high C = 35.7
Sep record high C = 35.6
Oct record high C = 37.0
Nov record high C = 38.3
Dec record high C = 38.1
year record high C = 38.8
Jan high C = 30.8
Feb high C = 31.3
Mar high C = 31.9
Apr high C = 33.2
May high C = 32.7
Jun high C = 31.5
Jul high C = 30.4
Aug high C = 29.9
Sep high C = 30.4
Oct high C = 31.3
Nov high C = 31.5
Dec high C = 31.1
year high C = 31.3
Jan mean C = 25.8
Feb mean C = 26.2
Mar mean C = 27.0
Apr mean C = 28.4
May mean C = 28.2
Jun mean C = 27.4
Jul mean C = 26.7
Aug mean C = 26.4
Sep mean C = 26.7
Oct mean C = 27.3
Nov mean C = 27.1
Dec mean C = 26.4
year mean C = 27.0
Jan low C = 20.8
Feb low C = 21.2
Mar low C = 22.1
Apr low C = 23.6
May low C = 23.7
Jun low C = 23.4
Jul low C = 23.0
Aug low C = 22.9
Sep low C = 23.1
Oct low C = 23.2
Nov low C = 22.8
Dec low C = 21.7
year low C = 22.6
Jan record low C = 13.0
Feb record low C = 13.0
Mar record low C = 11.0
Apr record low C = 16.0
May record low C = 15.0
Jun record low C = 13.0
Jul record low C = 14.0
Aug record low C = 14.0
Sep record low C = 12.3
Oct record low C = 17.8
Nov record low C = 15.0
Dec record low C = 15.0
year record low C = 11.0
rain colour = green
Jan rain mm = 4.1
Feb rain mm = 9.3
Mar rain mm = 19.8
Apr rain mm = 38.1
May rain mm = 254.7
Jun rain mm = 519.9
Jul rain mm = 838.1
Aug rain mm = 897.7
Sep rain mm = 559.5
Oct rain mm = 234.2
Nov rain mm = 62.3
Dec rain mm = 13.2
year rain mm = 3450.7
unit rain days = 0.1 mm
Jan rain days = 2
Feb rain days = 2
Mar rain days = 2
Apr rain days = 4
May rain days = 13
Jun rain days = 18
Jul rain days = 23
Aug rain days = 25
Sep rain days = 21
Oct rain days = 14
Nov rain days = 6
Dec rain days = 3
year rain days = 133
Jan humidity = 76
Feb humidity = 76
Mar humidity = 76
Apr humidity = 74
May humidity = 77
Jun humidity = 82
Jul humidity = 85
Aug humidity = 86
Sep humidity = 85
Oct humidity = 82
Nov humidity = 79
Dec humidity = 76
year humidity = 80
source 1 = PAGASA

Demographics


{{Philippine Census
cols = 2
align= none
title= Population census of
1903 =
1918 =
1939 =
1948 =
1960 =
1970 =
1975 =
1980 =
1990 =
1995 =
2000 =
2007 =
2010 =
2015 =
2020 =
2025 =
2030 =
footnote= Source: Philippine Statistics Authority
In the , the population of Iba, Zambales, was people, with a density of {{convert{{sigfig / 2PD/km2disp=or.
The population of Iba has become a mixture of different people over the last twenty years as opportunities in employment and business attracted people from Pangasinan, Bataan, and Batangas. Originally, the population was composed of the Sambal and Ilocano speaking people. While Sambal and Ilocano are spoken by many of the population, Tagalog has become the common dialect spoken in Iba.

Religion

The majority of the people in Iba, Zambales are Roman Catholics. The largest minority religion is Iglesia Ni Cristo followed by various Protestant denominations.

Ecclesiastical District

The seat of the Ecclesiastical District of Zambales North of the Iglesia Ni Cristo is located in Iba. The INC district administration and district office oversees several locales and extensions from different municipalities in the northern part of Zambales province.

Diocese of Iba

The Cathedral of Iba, also known as the Cathedral of Saint Augustine, is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Iba. The church of the diocese is a 17th-century Baroque church built by the Augustinian Recollects. It is located adjacent to the Provincial Capitol Building. Currently, the diocese has no appointed bishop yet since Bishop Florentino Lavarias became the Archbishop of San Fernando, Pampanga.

Economy

Being a center of employment and commerce as well being the host of major educational institutions, the population of Iba increase during day time because of traders, market buyers, students, government and private employees flocking in the town. There are currently 2 malls in the municipality, Iba Town Center Mall - the first community mall in the town and City Supermarket, Inc. (CSI Mall). Happy Go Shopping Center is also in list for shopping destination in town, (Robinsons Place Iba - planned), (Walter Mart Iba - planned). Giant known supermarkets in the country has also branches in Iba like SM Savemore Market, Robinson's Supermarket, PureGold Iba, CSI Supermarket and Ramrod Supermarket. There are also some of the major fast food restaurants like Jollibee, McDonald's, Greenwich, Chowking, Mang Inasal, Max's Restaurant, Andoks, Goldilocks, Red Ribbon, Cindy's, Roberto's Steak House, Shakey's Pizza and more. Iba also have some of the major banks in Country like Metrobank, BDO, BPI, EastWest Bank, PS Bank, Landbank, PNB, RCBC, Bank of Commerce, GM Bank, Bridge Bank, Producers Bank, Cooperative Bank of Zambales and Chinabank. Some Government Offices can also be found in Iba, such as the SSS, NBI and PhilHealth.

Conversion to Cityhood

The League of Cities of the Philippines has the expanding disagreement in opinion against the conversion of sixteen municipalities into constituent cities. The LCP had tried to influence President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo to certify as call for immediate attention a draft of a law imposing a suspension on the conversion of additional towns into cities.
Local Government Code states that before a town could be classified as a city, it must have an annual income of at least Php100 million and a land area of at minimum or a population of 150,000.
Senator Angara advocates House Bill 24 filed by Zamboanga Sibugay Representative ANN Hofer giving automatic cityhood to capitals of provinces without cities by freeing the capital towns of provinces from the income needs of the cityhood.

Tourism

Tourism is one of the major economic activity in Iba during the summer period. It has become a popular destination for summer vacationists and tourists due to the pristine and beautiful beaches that line the shorelines of Iba, and adventure trekking to the unique 3-series of Iba waterfalls. Its pollution-free beaches due to the absence of industrial-polluting activities in the locality, make it one of the best places in the Philippines.
In response to the growing number of both local and foreign visitors, investments in beach resorts have increased in the last fifteen years. Today there are about 50 beach resorts in Iba.

Festivals


;Zambales Mango Festival: The festival is a celebration of a bountiful harvest of mangoes and other agricultural products which the province is known for. It is also aimed to highlight the attractions and places of interest in all of its towns. As a way of promoting and giving thanks for a good harvest, the people of Zambales annually celebrate the six-day Mango Festival in March or April in Iba."Events/Festivals". Zambales Now, Official Website of Zambales. Retrieved on 2012-05-31.
;Paynauen Festival: A summer festival in Iba featuring local traditional arts and culture first celebrated in the 1980s, Paynauen Festival (also spelled as Paynawen) has become a yearly tradition and a tourist attraction lasting for about seven days. Paynauen's festivities include street dancing, singing competition, boxing events, sports events, sand castle building, carabao race, kite flying contests, Miss Paynauen competition, cooking contest, barangay booth displays, products display and sales, ballroom dancing, traditional parade, concerts and many others.
The festival is held late April, during the summer season where thousands of visitors flock to Iba for beach activities. Led by the Iba Tourism Council, Paynauen is supported by the local government, different civic organizations, volunteers and the private business sector.

Transportation


;By land: Iba is easily reached from Manila and Pangasinan by land transportation. It is from Rizal Park in Manila via North Luzon Expressway exiting in San Fernando, Pampanga to Olongapo. From Olongapo, Iba is away."Manila to Iba". Google Maps. Retrieved on 2012-05-28.
;By air: The town can be also reached by small aircraft using the Iba Airport, a small feeder airport with a runway located along the coast of Iba.

Health centers

The provincial government administers the President Ramon Magsaysay Memorial Hospital in Bargy. Palanginan to provide convenient medical services at a lower costs to the people of the Zambales. The hospital received a ₱50-million equipment upgrade in 2011 to better serve its patients.Online (2012-01-21). "Zambales hospital acquires P50M equipment". Tempo. Retrieved on 2012-05-31.Bayarong, Anthony (2011-09-21). http://www.sunstar.com.ph/breaking-news/2011/09/21/zambales-hospital-gets-major-upgrade-worth-p50-million-180616 "Zambales hospital gets major upgrade worth P50 million". Sun Star Philippines. Retrieved on 2012-06-02.
The Santa Cecilia Medical Center is a private institution offering one of the most complete and advance medical facilities in the province."Welcome to SCMC, Iba, Zambales". Santa Cecilia Medical Center Official Website. Retrieved on 2012-06-02.

Education

Tertiary education

The Ramon Magsaysay Technological University (RMTU), formerly Ramon Magsaysay Polytechnic College (RMPC), is a government-funded higher education institution founded in 1910. The school was merged with two other colleges in the province in 1998 to become the present multi-campus university system. Its main campus is located in the center of Iba with satellite campuses located all over the province."About us - RMTU at a Glance". RMTU Official Website. Retrieved on 2012-05-31.
The provincial office of the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) in Zambales is located on Magsaysay Avenue. TESDA was established by the Philippine government to manage and supervise the vocational education and skills development of the country's human resources through training and scholarships."Directory". Technical Education and Skills Development Authority. Retrieved on 2012-05-28.

Popular culture

  • The movie Apocalypse Now (shot in 1976; released in 1979) was about to be filmed by Francis Ford Coppola in Iba when Typhoon Olga (Didang) destroyed the sets constructed for the movie. The sets were recreated in Pagsanjan, Laguna and the beach scenes were filmed in Baler, Aurora.Webmaster (2012-05-23). "Apocalypse Now". The Worldwide Guide to Movie Locations. Retrieved on 2012-05-30.https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0078788/trivia "Trivia: Apocalypse Now". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved on 2012-05-30.
  • Local government

    thumbnailrightTown hall of Iba
    { style="background: #F2003C; color: White; text-align: center" Elected Officials
    -
    Mayor Jun Rundstedt "Rundy" Ebdane June 30, 2013 3rd Term
    -
    Vice Mayor Aireen Maniquiz-Biñan June 30, 2016 2nd Term
    -
    Member's Sangguniang Bayan Margie Maniquiz Noveno June 30, 2019 1st Term
    -
    Salvador Redondo June 30, 2013 3rd Term
    -
    Danilo Ballesteros June 30, 2019 1st Term
    -
    Francisco "Frank" Aldea June 30, 2013 3rd Term
    -
    Al Fallorin June 30, 2013 3rd Term
    -
    Isagani Yap June 30, 2016 2nd Term
    -
    Lanie Tabile June 30, 2019 1st Term
    -
    Lilia Butaran June 30, 2019 1st Term

    External links


    • Official Website of Iba, Zambales
    • Iba Profile at PhilAtlas.com
    • Philippine Standard Geographic Code
    • Local Governance Performance Management System - Iba,Zambales
    • Iba Travel Guide

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