The Battle of La Mesa was the final battle of the California Campaign during the Mexicanâ€“American War, occurring on January 9, 1847, in present-day Vernon, California, the day after the Battle of Rio San Gabriel. The battle was a victory for the United States Army under Commodore Robert F. Stockton and General Stephen Watts Kearny.
The Californian guns were ineffective, while the American guns responded from their square as the Americans advanced. Flores extended his line and brought up two more guns. Stockton halted and formed his guns into a single battery. After fifteen minutes, Stockton's fire drove the Californian artillery from effective range. Flores sent his lancers against the American left flank but were driven back; most of his men deserted, allowing the Americans to advance into Los Angeles.
California Historical Landmark Marker NO. 167 at the site reads:californiahistoricallandmarks.com 167 , Battle of La Mesa
NO. 167 LA MESA BATTLEFIELD - La Mesa Battlefield served as a campsite for the California forces under General Castro in the summer of 1846, during the United States' occupation of California in the Mexican War. The battle of La Mesa, last military encounter of the war on the California front, was fought here January 9, 1847.
List of conflicts in the United States
Battles of the Mexicanâ€“American War
Captain John Strother Griffin (1816â€“1898), physician during the battle
Bancroft, Hubert Howe (1882). The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft. San Francisco: A.L. Bancroft & Co. .
Category:1847 in Mexico Category:California Historical Landmarks Category:History of Los Angeles Category:Battles of the Conquest of California Category:Vernon, California Category:United States Marine Corps in the 18th and 19th centuries Category:January 1847 events