Noman Ã‡elebicihan ( , Numan Ã‡elebicihan; 1885 â€“ February 23, 1918) was a Crimean Tatar politician, lawyer, mufti of Crimean Muslims, and writer. He was the President of the short-lived independent Crimean People's Republic, established on November 26 (December 9 under the Gregorian Calendar), 1917. He is known for having written the poem "Ant etkenmen" ("I've pledged"), which became the Crimean Tatar national anthem. His early death at the hands of Bolshevik forces during the Russian Civil War is still commemorated in the Crimean Tatar nation.
Noman Ã‡elebicihan was born in 1885, in the village of BÃ¼yÃ¼k Sonaq, in Chonhar region of Crimea near the present-day city of Dzhankoy. Today the village does not exist and in 1948â€“68 was known as Chirik village within the Zavet Lenin rural council. His father's name was Ä°braim Ã‡elebi, a member of a well-to-do Crimean Tatar family. His mother also was from a well-to-do family, daughter of CihanÅŸah Ã‡elebi. He received his early education in his village. Afterwards, due to lack of opportunity, Ã‡elebicihan was sent to GÃ¼lÃ¼mbey Medrese, one of the well known madrassas of that time, with the help of his uncles. Later on he was sent to Constantinople to further his education. Noman Ã‡elebicihan arrived in Istanbul, Ottoman Empire in 1908. He attended Vefa Lisesi (High School) and later Law School. He resided in KaragÃ¼mrÃ¼k section of Constantinople where a small group of Crimean Tatar students lived. One of the first organizations he founded, while a student in Constantinople, was "YaÅŸ Tatar YazÄ±cÄ±lar CÄ±yÄ±nÄ±" (Young Tatar Writers' Association). He founded this association with his friend Abibulla Temircan in 1910 and published his first literary works such as QarÄ±lÄŸaÃ§lar DuasÄ± (Swallows' Prayer), AltÄ±n YarÄ±q (Golden Light) and Åžiirler CÃ¶nkÃ¼ (Collection of Poems). He was one of the original founders of "Crimean Tatar Student Association" and also "Vatan" (Homeland), which became the seed for the political organization Milliy FÄ±rqa (National Party) to carry on the independent movement in Crimea during the most turbulent period in its history. After graduating from Law School, Ã‡elebicihan returned to Crimea to get involved in the independence movement, and was elected to represent the Or region of Crimea in the Crimean Tatar Qurultay. He was one of the most popular delegates because of his young age and education he received in Istanbul. In 1917 he founded the Milliy FÄ±rqa and later that year, during the opening of the Qurultay on November 26, 1917, Noman Ã‡elebicihan was elected the first president of the young Crimean Republic. Ã‡elebicihan was not only the president of the independent Crimean People's Republic and Mufti of Crimea, Lithuania and Poland he was also a poet and writer. In addition to his aforementioned works, his poems such as Ant Etkenmen (I've Pledged), BastÄ±rÄ±q (Prison), Ay gidi... (Oh for...), SavlÄ±qman Qal TatarlÄ±q! (Farewell(Stay with health) Tatarness!), Yolcu Äžarip (Poor Traveler), and Tilkiden SelÃ¢m (Greetings from the Fox) are his most popular poems. Ant Etkenmen became the lyrics of the Crimean Tatar national anthem, and according to Åževki BektÃ¶re (another Crimean Tatar poet), "... was sung for the first time during the historic Qurultay (1917)...." His most memorable poem, however, is SavlÄ±qman Qal TatarlÄ±q!, which he scribbled on the walls of Simferopol train station on his way to report to military service during World War I. In January 1918, barely two months after he was elected to lead his nation at the Qurultay of the Crimean Tatar people, the Bolshevik forces invaded Crimea. He was arrested and imprisoned in Sevastopol. On February 23, a firing squad of the Black Sea Fleet executed him and threw his body into the sea.
Crimean Tatar language
List of Crimean Tatars
Noman Ã‡elebicihan Battalion
International Committee for Crimea biography.
Category:1885 births Category:1918 deaths Category:People from Dzhankoy Raion Category:People from Taurida Governorate Category:Crimean Tatar poets Category:Crimean Tatar lawyers Category:Crimean Tatar activists Category:Crimean Tatar independence activists Category:Crimean Tatar muftis Category:Tatar people Category:History of Crimea Category:Russian Sunni Muslims Category:Vefa High School alumni Category:Istanbul University Faculty of Law alumni Category:Russian anti-communists Category:Victims of Red Terror in Soviet Russia