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Sofia Metro

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In this page talks about ( Sofia Metro ) It was sent to us on 27/07/2021 and was presented on 27/07/2021 and the last update on this page on 27/07/2021

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The Sofia Metro ( , translit. Sofiyski metropoliten, also colloquially called Софийско метро, translit. Sofiyskо metro) is the rapid transit network servicing the Bulgarian capital city Sofia. It began operation on 28 January 1998. , the Sofia Metro consists of four interconnected lines, serving 43 stations, with a total route length of being among the top 20 of the most extensive European metro systems, ranking 19th as of 2020. The Metro links the densely populated districts of Lyulin – Mladost (M1 line – Red) and Nadezhda – Lozenets (M2 line – Blue), and serves the Sofia Airport.

History

Planned since the 1960s, construction of the Metro was not officially launched until the late 1990s mainly because the city did not experience an urgent need for an underground system in addition to the stalled construction due to lack of sufficient funding. Another factor was the depth at which the construction works had to be carried out: being one of the oldest cities in Europe, Sofia contains many historical layers underneath its central areas. Evidence of antiquity can be clearly seen at the Serdika Station which exhibits a wealth of unearthed Thracian and Roman ruins and modern architecture. During the construction of the enormous complex of the National Palace of Culture two stations forming part of the then future M2 line and their connecting tunnels were built.
The construction of the system began from the route that sees the highest volumes of passenger traffic, that can easily reach up to 38,000 at rush hour.Metropolitan Sofia – General Information

Lines

Due to an increased population, there are a large number of passengers heading toward the city center during weekday mornings, and away from the city centre in the weekday evenings. The necessity of efficient public transport in the direction of the largest passenger flows, transport, and Sofia's environmental problems precipitated the start of the construction of the Sofia Metro. Following the ratification of a technical and economic report on the metro by the Council of Ministers of Bulgaria, and the subsequently approved General City Plan, the general scheme for the development of the lines should consist of three diameters with extensions in the periphery, with a total length of , 63 metro stations, and a 1.1 million daily passenger capacity at the final stage of implementation.
{
!Line
!Opened
!Current length
(km mi)
!Current stations
!U/C length
(km mi)
!U/C stations
!Planned length
(km mi)

!Planned stations
-

1998
16
–

19
-

2012
13
–

18
-

2020
8
4

18
-
M4
2015
20
–
–
20
-
! colspan="2" Total:

43

4

75

M1 line (Red)


The first long section of M1 line consisting of five stations linking Slivnitsa Boulevard through Lyulin and K. Velichkov Boulevard was inaugurated on 28 January 1998. Opalchenska station entered into service on 17 September 1999 and Serdika station situated on St Nedelya Square followed on 31 October 2000, extending the total system length to . The operational section of the line was further extended with a long section, reaching Obelya housing estate in April 2003.
The extension of M1 line continued in 2005 with the start of the construction of of tunnels and three stations linking St Nedelya Square and the Interped World Trade Center in Izgrev (station Frédéric Joliot-Curie). 2006 saw the start of the construction of another section of the same line (consisting of of tunnels and three stations) linking Izgrev and Mladost I housing estate. The completion of the first three stations was projected for the autumn of 2007, however as a result of various delays it was the second section from the first line (Vasil Levski stadium – Mladost 1) that first entered into service on 8 May 2009, operating for a brief period of time separately from the north-west portion of the line. The remaining section between Serdika and Vasil Levski stadium station finally entered into service on 7 September 2009 establishing an uninterrupted link between Obelya and Mladost 1 stations.
The construction of the stretch from Mladost I to Business Park Sofia station ( , three underground stations) began on 25 April 2013, and was completed on 8 May 2015. It cost BGN 85,767,683 (EUR 43,852,320), VAT exclusive, and serves the majority of the second most densely populated area in Sofia.Public Procurement Agency Portal - L1 S. Branch Constructionhttp://www.aop.bg/case2.php?mode=show_doc&doc_id=529801&newver=2 Public Procurement Agency Portal - L1 S. Branch Supervision

Main Line

{within Iskar housing estate
-
Sofia Airport (Летище София) 150px 2 April 2015 situated near Sofia Airport with direct connection to Terminal 2

Iliyantsi branch (planned)

{и ще стига до The Mall">http://www.capital.bg/politika_i_ikonomika/bulgaria/2017/03/06/2929625_razklonenieto_na_tretiia_metroluch_shte_trugva_ot/ Разклонението на третия метролъч ще тръгва от "Орлов мост" и ще стига до The Mallhttp://infrastructure.bg/news/2017/03/21/2934808_243_mln_lv_za_stroitelstvo_na_12_metrostancii_i_12/ 243 млн. лв. за строителство на 12 метростанции и 12 километра трасе през 2017 г.

Main Line (M3)

{class="wikitable"
! Station !! Image !! In service since !! Notes
-
Vladimir Vazov (Владимир Вазов) planned Will be servicing Vasil Levski housing estate
-
Trakiya (Тракия) planned Will be servicing Suhata Reka housing estate
-
"Georgi Asparuhov" Stadium (Стадион „Георги Аспарухов”) planned Will be servicing Stefan Karadzha housing estate near Georgi Asparuhov Stadium
-
Hadzhi Dimitar (Хаджи Димитър) 150px 26 August 2020 Servicing Hadzhi Dimitar housing estate.
-
Teatralna (Театрална) 150px 26 August 2020 Servicing Vladimir Zaimov and Oborishte housing estates.
-
Orlov Most (Орлов мост) 150px 26 August 2020 Servicing Orlov Most and Borisova Garden area, transfer station between the Green (M3) and Red (M1) lines.
-
St. Patriarh Evtimiy (Св. Патриарх Евтимий) 150px 26 August 2020 Servicing area near Odeon cinema.
-
NDK II (НДК II) 150px 26 August 2020 Servicing the National Palace of Culture, transfer station between the Green (M3) and Blue (M2) lines.
-
Medical University (Медицински университет) 150px 26 August 2020 Servicing the Medical Academy and Kriva Reka housing estate.
-
Bulgaria (България) 150px 26 August 2020 Servicing Hipodruma and Strelbishte housing estate.
-
Krasno Selo (Красно Село) 150px 26 August 2020 Servicing Slavia, Lagera, Krasno Selo and Belite Brezi housing estates.
-
Ovcha Kupel 1 (Овча Купел 1) Under Construction (2020) Will be servicing Ovcha Kupel 1 housing estate
-
Montevideo (Монтевидео) Under Construction (2020) Will be servicing Ovcha Kupel housing estate
-
Ovcha Kupel 2 (Овча Купел 2) Under Construction (2020) Will be servicing Ovcha Kupel 2 housing estate
-
Gorna banya (Горна баня) Under Construction (2020) will be servicing Gorna Banya housing estate
-

Eastern branch (M5; planned)

{class="wikitable"
! Station !! Image !! In service since !! Notes
-
Sitnyakovo (Ситняково) planned will be servicing Poduyane and Yavorov housing estates
-
Geo Milev (Гео Милев) planned will be servicing Geo Milev and Reduta housing estates
-
Slatina (Слатина) planned will be servicing Slatina and Hristo Smirnenski housing estates
-
Asen Yordanov (Асен Йорданов) planned will be servicing the area near "CSKA Cherveno Zname" sports center
-
Arena Armeec (Арена Армеец) planned will be servicing the Arena Armeec sports hall and Sofia Tech Park
-
Poligona - The Mall (Полигона - Дъ Мол) planned will be servicing the area near The Mall (Sofia) and Poligona housing estate
-

Fares and ticketing

The price of a single ticket is 1.60 lev, equivalent to ~0.82 euro. It can be issued either by a cashier, or by a vending machine. When obtained, the single ticket must be validated within 30 minutes at a validator. Pre-paid RFID (MIFARE Classic) card also could be bought (at a price of 2 levs) with minimum 10 pre-paid rides (at a price of 12 levs for 10 pre-paid rides). Daily and monthly cards are also available.

Rolling stock

The system uses two types of rolling stock, both made in Russia.
The older train sets, type 81-717/714, have been manufactured by Metrovagonmash in Mytishchi near Moscow and consisted of 48 carriages in total. They were delivered in 1990 – some 8 years prior to the opening of the first section of the system. In 2020 the first train sets of this type were refurbished and went into service.
The second generation of rolling stock, type 81-740/741 "Rusich", have also been manufactured by Metrovagonmash. The delivery of this type commenced in 2005. With line M2 now in service, 40 more trains of this type were delivered by the end of 2013.
The third generation of rolling stock, Siemens Inspiro 20 three-car sets were delivered in 2018 and are serving the M3 line.Newag and Siemens present first Sofia Line 3 metro train
File:Central railway station (Sofia Metro) 2012 PD 5.jpg81-717/714
File:81-717.4К Metrovagonmash.jpgA refurbished 81-717/714
File:Sofia Metro Station Serdica 2012 PD 3.jpgAn 81-740/741 Rusich train at Serdika station
File:J33 776 U-Bahn-Triebzug Inspiro.jpgA Siemens Inspiro train during InnoTrans 2018.

Ridership

{ class="toccolours sortable" border="1" cellpadding="3" style="border-collapse:collapse"
+ Sofia Metro ridership
- bgcolor=lightgrey
!width="150"Year
!width="150"Passengers per day
!width="150"Change
!width="150"Metro Stations
-
199810,000Стоян Братоев Софийски метрополитен. — София: Нота Бене, 2004. — p. 61 — Initial 5
-
199940,000 6
-
200070,000{{Sort14 70.07
-
200180,000 7
-
200290,000Стоян Братоев Софийски метрополитен. — София: Нота Бене, 2004. — p. 14 — {{Sort07 28.67
-
200380,000{{Sort06 11.18
-
200475,000 8
-
200570,000 {{Sort05 12.58
-
200680,000 8
-
200790,000 {{Sort01 28.68
-
200876,000 {{Sort04 15.68
-
2009201,000 {{Sort13 264.514
-
2010187,000 {{Sort09 7.014
-
2011190,000 {{Sort08 1.614
-
2012350,000 {{Sort10 84.227
-
2013280,000Столичното метро ще се движи на по-чести интервали от април{{Sort10 20.027
-
2014320,000{{Sort10 14.327
-
2015335,000New Sofia Metro Station Opens, Adding 15 000 Passengers - See more at: http://www.novinite.com/articles/175553/New+Sofia+Metro+Station+to+Open%2C+Adding+15+000+Passengers#sthash.TmfyPRaE.dpuf{{Sort10 4.734
-
2016350,000(proposed){{Sort10 4.535
-
2017350,000https://www.economic.bg/bg/news/11/do-2020-g-v-sofiya-shte-ima-blizo-50-km-metrotrase.html {{Sort10 35
-
2018350,000https://www.economic.bg/bg/news/11/do-2020-g-v-sofiya-shte-ima-blizo-50-km-metrotrase.html {{Sort10 35
-
2019350,000https://www.economic.bg/bg/news/11/do-2020-g-v-sofiya-shte-ima-blizo-50-km-metrotrase.html {{Sort10 35
-
2020 43

Network Map


See also


  • Trams in Sofia
  • Trolleybuses in Sofia
  • Public buses in Sofia
  • Sofia Public Transport
  • List of metro systems

External links


  • Sofia Metro – Official Web Site
  • MetroSofia.com
  • Interactive Sofia Metro Map
  • Sofia metro @ urbanrail.net
  • Metrovagonmash OAO – Information about the rolling stock
  • Metro @ public-transport.net
  • Unofficial Sofia tube map inspired by London's one, designed for foreign visitors
  • Sofia Metro – quick info and maps
  • Sofia Metro Map

Category:Underground rapid transit in Bulgaria
Category:Rapid transit in Bulgaria
Category:Railway lines opened in 1998
 
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